1939: The Year that Changed Everything in Lithuania's by Šarūnas Liekis

By Šarūnas Liekis

Show description

Read Online or Download 1939: The Year that Changed Everything in Lithuania's History (On the Boundary of Two Worlds: Identity, Freedom, & Moral Imagination in the Baltics, 20) PDF

Similar history_1 books

The Anglo-dutch Favourite: The Career of Hans Willem Bentinck, 1st Earl of Portland (16491709) (Politics and Culture in North-Western Europe 1650-1720)

Hans Willem Bentinck, 1st Earl of Portland (1649-1709) was once the nearest confidant of William III and arguably crucial flesh presser in Williamite Britain. starting his profession in 1664 as web page to William of Orange, his fortunes won momentum with the Prince's upward push to strength within the Netherlands and Britain, rising as William's favorite at court docket from the 1670s onwards.

Robotic Exploration of the Solar System: Part 2:Hiatus and Renewal 1983–1996

Paolo Ulivi and David Harland supply in "Robotic Exploration of the sun process" a close background of unmanned missions of exploration of our sunlight approach As of their prior booklet Lunar Exploration, the topic can be handled anywhere attainable from an engineering and clinical perspective. Technical descriptions of the spacecraft, in their venture designs and of instrumentations should be supplied.

Sources in the History of the Modern Middle East (2nd Ed.)

This distinctive basic resource reader presents first-hand debts of the occasions defined in center jap heritage survey texts. The textual content is prepared into ten chapters that includes bankruptcy introductions and headnotes. the first resource records hide the past due 18th century in the course of the starting of the twenty first, exploring political, social, financial, and cultural background and infusing the quantity with the voices of genuine humans.

Additional info for 1939: The Year that Changed Everything in Lithuania's History (On the Boundary of Two Worlds: Identity, Freedom, & Moral Imagination in the Baltics, 20)

Example text

A parliament was summoned only in 1936. However, this was not a typical parliament. The parliament was formed only from the reliable “Tautininkai” (Nationalists) party members or close associates recommended for election by the municipalities. 45 In 1936, the opposition parties of the Peasant Populists, Social-Democrats and Christian-Democrats which had been tolerated for the decade following the coup d’etat of 1926 were completely banned. The Constitution of 1938 unanimously approved by the Seimas gave nearly complete over-riding power to the President, Antanas Smetona.

The Gothic script, previously used very little by the predominantly Catholic Lithuanians, was banned in 1872. The only script permitted for Lithuanian publications in the Russian Empire was Cyrillic. The Catholic clergy initiated the printing of religious didactics and prayer books abroad. By 1867, Prussia became the main centre of Lithuanian printing. Between 1864 and 1896, a total of 3,777,250 copies of Lithuanian publications were printed there. There were 1939 - T H E Y E A R T H AT C H A N G E D E V E R Y T H I N G I N L I T H U A N I A’ S H I S T O R Y 19 40 illegal organisations which helped to prepare and distribute the materials.

A coup took place on May 15, 1934 under the leadership of the Army, the Aizsargi (National Guard) with the support of the Agrarian party leadership. Ulmanis dismissed the Parliament, disbanded the political parties and governed as Prime Minister of a personally- appointed cabinet of ministers. It should be mentioned that there was no suppression of the opposition or intimidation towards political opponents through state coercion. As in all the Baltic States, the dictatorship suppressed any public critique of the regime by intimidation and keeping a close eye on any signs of political opposition and censure of the press.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.76 of 5 – based on 12 votes