A Brief History of the Middle East: From Abraham to Arafat by Christopher Catherwood

By Christopher Catherwood

In The short background of the center East writer Christopher Catherwood makes an attempt to teach how our whole global is finally formed through occasions that experience spread out or have their foundation within the heart East. Catherwood insists that, except we permit lack of information to blind us—which to a undeniable quantity it already has—the center East must never be seen as ''some unusual position over there.'' 3 of the world's significant prepared religions—Judaism, Christianity, and Islam—all stem from the realm, as do defining civilizations from historic Egypt to Babylonia. Catherwood examines this storied quarter in the course of the lens of the current through asking those questions. How did the Palestinian factor come up? Why does Osama bin weighted down harp at the glories of Moorish Spain? Why did Islamic extremism grow to be an alternative to Arab socialist nationalism for thus many? state-of-the-art headlines have transparent ancient motives, and The short background of the center East will carry that idea into concentration.

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Number Akkadian Aramaic Arabic one two three four five six seven eight nine ten isten sina salas erba hamis sess sebe samane tise eser had tren talata arbaa hamisa sitta saba tamaniya tisa asra wahid ithnayn thalatha arbaa xamsa sitta saba thamaniya tisa asra ANCIENT EMPIRES As Nick Ostler notes, counting from one to ten has not really changed over 4,000 years — the degree of linguistic continuity is remarkable. Whether the ancient Akkadian rulers, the prophet Daniel (who spoke Aramaic), Jesus, Muhammad and a modern Arab could all understand each other easily is debatable.

This does not just refer to inter-religious violence, such as 9/11 or Christian/Muslim riots in Nigeria and Indonesia, but also in peaceful terms to millions of people actively converting to them and thereby rejecting their ancestral polytheistic faiths. The faith of the Jews: the dawn of a monotheistic people Abraham had a son, Isaac, who in turn had two sons, Esau and Jacob. The Hebrew Scriptures do not try to hide people's mistakes; Abraham lied to protect himself (on one occasion telling an Egyptian ruler that Sarah was his sister, not his wife, in case the ruler wanted to kill him to get her), so too did his grandson Jacob, similarly to get out of trouble.

Eventually the remnants of the Judaic exiles were able to return by the remit of the Persian ruler Cyrus who, as Bernard Lewis reminds us, is afforded a degree of praise given to no other pagan ruler in the Bible. But once back, the Jews were no longer independent, and were under the authority of whoever controlled the bulk of the Middle East. For just under 200 years (536 to 331 BC), this remained the great Persian Empire, which, at its peak, stretched from present-day Egypt to the Hindu Kush.

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