A Short History of Finland by Fred Singleton

By Fred Singleton

This can be a moment version of the profitable examine of Finland within the English language. a brief background of Finland lines the historic improvement of the rustic from its payment by means of the Finns within the first millennium advert to the current time, exploring Finland's previous reference to Sweden, the advanced dating with Russia that has ruled Finnish background some time past centuries, and the postwar achievements of the second one republic. This moment variation has been revised and up to date through Emeritus Professor A. F. Upton, a number one pupil of Scandinavian historical past. It covers the influence of the break-up of the Soviet Union and brings occasions as much as Finland's admission to the ecu Union in 1995.

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When war broke out on the eastern frontier, the Finns bore the cost of quartering and supplying the troops stationed in the country, and suffered the destruction which ensued when fighting broke out on the soil of Finland. It has been estimated that, in 1656-57, when the Russians invaded Inkeri and Karelia, some 4,000 Finns abandoned their farms and moved into Russian-held territory partly to escape the ravages of war and the penal levels of taxation, but mainly, as Russian Orthodox believers, because of the persistent persecution and harassment by the Swedish Lutheran authorities.

A Swedish knight, Birger Jarl, a brother-in-law of the King, was called in to subdue Hame and to strengthen Swedish power in central Finland. Birger Jarl built the castle of Hameenlinna (Tavastehus) in a strategic position, commanding the main east-west route along the Salpausselka moraine, and the city of Hameenlinna developed within its shadow. Following Birger Jarl's expedition - sometimes called a crusade - Swedish settlers came to colonize the coastal regions of south-west Finland and the coast of the Gulf of Finland as far as Porvoo (Borga), and it is from this period that the Swedishspeaking element in Finnish society originated.

Abo Academy (Turku University) received its royal charter in 1640. The university built up an excellent library and was soon recognized as being the major centre of learning in Finland. It was no longer necessary for Finnish students to travel abroad for their university education. Unfortunately, the university and its library were destroyed in a disastrous fire, which swept through the town in 1827. The following year the national university was reestablished in Helsinki, which had replaced Turku as the capital of Finland in 1819.

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