Abstraction in Avant-Garde Films (Studies in Cinema) by Maureen Cheryn Turim

By Maureen Cheryn Turim

Parker Tyler insists that "the specific emphasis" of the avant-garde is on "the movie digital camera as voyeur " (Tyler's emphasis). This premise results in many cogent reviews on person movies and filmmakers, however it produces little perception into the perceptual chances of the digicam past its functionality because the "peephole of the underground." Gene Youngblood broadcasts early in increased Cinema that "film is a manner of seeing" yet then skims over the conjunction of movie and seeing, to pay attention to the methods movie, video, and laptop applied sciences speak "expanded consciousness."As important as all 3 critics were in making a broader appreciation of the avant-garde's accomplishments, they've got no longer dealt effectively with the dialectic of eye and digital camera, nor have they put adequate emphasis at the wish of avant-garde filmmakers to "emulate and increase human visible perception," in Curtis's phrase.
With one exception, newer experiences of avant-garde movie were even much less illuminating on those specific issues.The exception is Maureen Turim's Abstraction in Avant-Garde movies , within which psychoanalytic idea and semiotics give you the foundation for an exam of perceptual approaches set in movement by means of the avant-garde's radical transforming of picture and sound. even though Turim areas better emphasis at the mental than the visible adventure of the movie viewer (while permitting that the only can't exist with out the other), she demonstrates an appreciation of the visible artwork of avant-garde movie that I share—though my technique and such a lot of my examples usually are not kind of like hers.

Maureen Turim acquired her BA (1973), MA (1975), and PhD (1978) from the collage of Wisconsin-Madison, levels which incorporated stories in France on the L’Université d’Aix-Marseille (1971–72), and L’École des Hautes Études and Paris III (1973–74). She taught on the kingdom collage of latest York at Binghamton from 1977 until eventually becoming a member of the UF college in 1991.

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The absence of a soundtrack does not necessarily indicate absolute silence; if the films are projected (as 16mm prints often are) without a soundproof booth, the silence is colored by the presence of the sound of the projector Sound: A New Process, A New Ordering 31 mechanism. Erasing, overshadowing this noise was one purpose of the musical accompaniment of the early silent films, as has been widely noted by film historians: It [film music] began, not as a result of any artistic urge, but from the dire need of something which would drown the noise made by the projector.

The opposing tendency of minimalism is often explained as derivative of an interest in Eastern music, but the electronic manipulations can undercut the similarities. Terry Riley's music provides an excellent example of this tendency, as is evident in this description of his "Keyboard Studies," done as a solo performance with tape loops: A series of fifteen short curling modal "figures," each centered around three or four notes of the mode, are each repeated a limitless number of times— A solo performance may draw the figures through a very fine line of sound, where everything is "reduced" still further to an intensive exploration of the changes brought about by the repetition and combination of the pitches, as they successively rise in pitch to cover the interval of an octave—always in relation to the permanent melodic "fundamental" of the mode in bass.

The wholeness appears just long enough to cover with its sanctity the fragments that compose it. To cover with narrative, with unity, with complete, "full" representation, with the smooth flow of an image track, is an act which has been analyzed as a process of concealment fundamental to the functioning of classic film. 38 One is projected under normal viewing conditions and is "read" under the terms of its representation (spontaneously by viewer, structurally and semiotically by its analysts) and the "other film," which does not offer itself up to readability, to being deciphered.

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