Advances in Mesopotamian Medicine from Hammurabi to by Attia, A.; Buisson. G. (ed.)

By Attia, A.; Buisson. G. (ed.)

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Gilroy, There Ain’t No Black in the Union Jack: The Cultural Politics of Race and Nation, London, Hutchinson, 1987. P. Gilroy, The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness, London, Verso, 1993. D. ), The Bounds of Race: Perspectives on Hegemony and Resistance, Cornell University Press, 1991. L. ), Race, Writing and Difference, Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1986. 2. S. ), The Victorians and Race, Aldershot, Scolar Press, 1996, p. 1. 24 Waltraud Ernst 3. J. Solomos and L. Back, ‘Conceptualising Racisms: Social Theory, Politics and Research’, Sociology 28, 1 (1994): 143–61, esp.

Ideas about the aetiology of sleepy distemper cannot be read off from the fact that we know John Atkins was a polygenist. 39 It is noteworthy that the two characteristics on which John Atkins focuses in his construction of race are skin colour (white or black) and hair texture (‘hairy’ or ‘woolly’). And we know that he also sees mulattos and yellow-skinned Africans as separate races. Within the polygenist tradition, race was not understood to reside just on the surface. 40 Once you admit the possibility that skin colour and hair texture are explained by differential descent and you allow that different groups highlighted by these external markers have different original ancestors, then the possibility arises that the original protoplasts may have been different in other ways incorporating other possible, though invisible, differences.

They have shown that ideas of race were created and disseminated by Western nations in the wake of industrial transformation, colonial expansion and the spread of the ‘project of modernity’. See also Harding, The ‘Racial’ Economy of Science. 20. Barkan, The Retreat of Scientific Racism. H. Kuklick, The Savage Within: The Social History of British Anthropology, 1885–1945, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1991. P. Rich, Prospero’s Return? Historical Essays on Race, Culture and British Society, London, Hansib, 1994.

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