By Anoushiravan Ehteshami
This e-book bargains a finished learn of post-Khomeini Iran, exploring the Rafsanjani management from fiscal, political, foreign, and strategic views. Anoush Ehteshami assesses the serious dilemmas of the regime either in advance of and because the loss of life of its first religious chief.
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Extra resources for After Khomeini: The Iranian Second Republic
Confidential reports indicate that in the early days of the Iraqi invasion of Iran in 1980 a Bakhtiar-Oveissi alliance mobilised its joint military forces from the Iraqi and Turkish borders with the intention of overthrowing the Tehran government and replacing it with a militarycivilian government of ‘national unity’ under the premiership of Shahpour Bakhtiar (based on conversations with a number of army colonels, undertaken in Los Angeles, April 1987). Their military attacks were halted when the armed gang encountered logistical difficulties on the Turkish border; the chain of command broke down and the group failed to gain Western and large-scale Turkish support for this operation.
The OIPFG lost hundreds of its forces and at least two of its leaders, Sultanpour and a military leader known only as Eskandar. Peykar Organisation lost much of its central committee (such as Rouhani, Ashtiani and Haqshenas) in addition to scores of its members and supporters. The Tudeh party also did not escape the wrath of the regime: Kianouri, Tabari and Eskandari of the central committee and over 2,000 of its members were either executed or imprisoned. The KDP, CPI and other leftist groups sheltering in Kurdistan continued to lose cadres in their Political succession in republican Iran 23 confrontations with the Pasdaran and the military in Kurdistan.
At the output level, also, one can see a Second Republic emerging to replace the First. From this vantage point one can scrutinise the new leadership’s approach to domestic, regional and international issues, as well as observe the type and nature of policies which were adopted. It can be shown that the policy changes have been so fundamental, their impact on the country so farreaching, and their consequences so revolutionary that it makes little sense to continue to regard the post-Khomeini Islamic Republic as an exact replica (in structural, institutional and policy terms) of the old.