Army Regulars on the Western Frontier, 1848-1861 by Durwood Ball

By Durwood Ball

Deployed to posts from the Missouri River to the Pacific in 1848, the us military undertook an outdated venture on frontiers new to the USA: occupying the western territories; suppressing American Indian resistance; maintaining the peace between feuding Indians, Hispanics, and Anglos; and consolidating usa sovereignty within the quarter. Overshadowing and complicating the frontier army project have been the politics of slavery and the turning out to be rift among the North and South. As ordinary troops fanned out around the American West, the various population of the quarter intensified their pageant for ordinary assets, political autonomy, and cultural survival. Their conflicts usually erupted into violence that propelled the military into rebel accountability and bloody struggle. reading the complete continuum of martial strength within the American West, Durwood Ball finds how normal troops waged battle on American Indians to implement federal legislation. He additionally offers information at the army's army interventions opposed to filibusters in Texas and California, Mormon rebels in Utah, and violent political partisans in Kansas. not like earlier histories, this e-book argues that the politics of slavery profoundly inspired the western undertaking of the average army--affecting the hearts and minds of officials and enlisted males either because the kingdom plummeted towards civil struggle.

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His successor, Millard Fillmore, cut and signed Munroe's orders, which reached Ninth Military Department Headquarters on 2 9 August I 850. The prospect of engaging Munroe's reinforced army, which included combat-seasoned regulars, cooled the Lone Star spirit. Swallowing their bluster, the Texans agreed to let Congress draw the disputed boundary. S. Army also aided California statehood even before Taylor's orders arrived. In April 1849 the president dispatched Whig representative Thomas Butler King, a Georgia slaveholder, to the Pacific Coast.

John Munroe to relieve Washington in Santa Fe. Graduating from West Point in 1816, Munroe had served in the artillery throughout his career. His distinguished service under Taylor from Palo Alto to Buena Vista and his identification with the Whig party probably explained his appointment to the Ninth Military Department. A delightful raconteur, the eccentric Munroe constantly entertained young PROLOGUE 5 officers with comical ribald stories. His curious work ethic was always to complete his paperwork in the morning and lounge and drink during the afternoon.

Most companies raised garden vegetables to supplement their diet of army rations, but in the early I 850s, the Fillmore administration ordered a postfarm program to eliminate the cost of shipping vegetables and other perishable foods from eastern depots. Poor growing conditions, ignorance of farming, and the absence of troops on campaign doomed the plan.

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