Autism: A Social and Medical History by M. Waltz

By M. Waltz

Autism: A Social and scientific heritage contextualizes autism as a socio cultural phenomenon, and examines the usually troubling results of representations and social tendencies. Exploring the contributors and occasions within the background of this , Waltz blends study and private views to ascertain social narratives of normalcy, incapacity and difference.

Autism has usually been visible as break away other kinds of impairment and unfavorable attitudes in the direction of individuals with autism and, long ago, their mom and dad, were known. This publication explores key study within the box in addition to perception from mom and dad and folks with autism, the latter of whom have usually had no voice in what's written in regards to the background of autism.

This e-book will attract researchers and scholars within the fields of clinical sociology, incapacity stories, and scientific background in addition to expanding public debates on autism.

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Autism: A Social and Medical History

Autism: A Social and scientific heritage contextualizes autism as a socio cultural phenomenon, and examines the customarily troubling results of representations and social traits. Exploring the members and occasions within the background of this situation, Waltz blends learn and private views to check social narratives of normalcy, incapacity and distinction.

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As Edwin Black demonstrates, Galton’s ideas were first turned into an organised eugenics movement in the US, with Connecticut being the first state to pass laws prohibiting marriage for ‘feeble-minded’ people and those with seizure disorders in 1896 (Black, 2004). However, eugenics also found a high rate of acceptance within the English upper class, and soon spread throughout Europe and beyond. Supported by birth-control pioneers like Margaret Sanger as well as by those whose motives were overtly classist and racist, eugenic practices included the widespread advocacy and practice of forcibly sterilising disabled people, and buttressed the permanent incarceration of ‘defectives’ of all sorts.

Deprived of a role 32 Autism within the family as a valuable labour source, now seen as a source of social and genetic contagion, and increasingly being given dehumanising labels that set them apart from the rest of society, they faced growing pressure to literally disappear. The result was the appearance of several systems that conspired to make them do just that. The first, of course, was the rapid expansion of the asylum system, as already described. The second was the rise of psychology, put forward as a new science by Sigmund Freud and his followers, which added novel forms of stigma to conditions affecting the brain, and soon intersected with the asylum system.

They required clothing and food, but were neither easily controlled and cared for by a small staff, nor financially exploitable. The conditions that prevailed in asylums likely to have housed children and adults with autism and learning difficulties were almost always among the worst. Today, we are aware of the emotional, physical, and sexual abuse the inmates of such institutions have so often suffered, and more cognizant of the impact on both children and parents of enforced separation. At the time, however, inspections were rare, and the inmates were seen as having so little human value that improvement seldom occurred.

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