Avicenna and the Aristotelian Tradition, 2nd Edition by Dimitri Gutas

By Dimitri Gutas

This can be the second one, revised and up to date, version of this foundational paintings introducing a analyzing of Avicenna's philosophical works that's in step with his goal and function in philosophy. Its usefulness is superior with a brand new appendix providing a serious stock of Avicenna's genuine works that includes and updates Mahdavi (1954).

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3 Avicenna does not provide the date of his birth. At the end of his Biography of Avicenna, Jūzjānī calculates it to be 370/980, manifestly on the basis of his date of death, 428/1037, and his presumed age at the time, 58 lunar years (Gohlman 88–89). However, the available historical evidence, some of it not unrelated to that of the time of his father’s arrival in Buḫārā mentioned in the second preceding note, clearly indicates that his birth has to be antedated by about a decade; see Sellheim 233–239, and Gutas “Maḏhab” 334–335.

2. Guessing Correctly [the middle term] is likewise of two sorts: one comes about slowly and after delay, the other at once. There is no require15 “Keenness of mind:” yaqẓa, cf. ; Alpago and, following him, Landauer and van Dyck have “vigil:” vigiliis, “Nachtwachen,” and “vigils,” respectively. The reference here is to what Avicenna was later to call Guessing Correctly the middle term, ḥads. 2. 1 Ke ḥads andar nafs afkand; cf. 2. , he translates afkand by “thinks”). personal texts by avicenna and his disciples 9 ment that Correct Guessing should occur with respect to some problems [only] and not others; as a matter of fact, if you want the truth, [the solution to] every problem has been found by means of Correct Guesses, since everybody has learned from somebody else but he who was the very first never learned from anybody; there was, therefore, someone who found [solutions and knowledge] all by himself.

12). (taṣawwur) or acknowledging the truth (taṣdīq)” of a categorical statement (Najāt I,1, 3/20). For a detailed discussion of these two terms see Lameer Conception, Part One; cf. the earlier discussion by van Ess 95–113. 16 Avicenna is fond of explanatory descriptions which, though immediately apparent to his contemporaries, may seem colorful to us. , “the literalists,” “which would derive the law only from the literal text (ẓāhir) of the Qurʾān” and the Prophetic Traditions (R. -M. Turki in EI²); they were also called “Dāʾūdiyya” after the founder, Dāʾūd ibn-Ḫalaf (d.

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