Banana Cultures: Agriculture, Consumption, and Environmental by John Soluri

By John Soluri

Bananas, the main often fed on clean fruit within the usa, were associated with leave out Chiquita and Carmen Miranda, "banana republics," and Banana Republic garments stores-everything from unique kitsch, to 3rd international dictatorships, to middle-class type. yet how did the increase in banana intake within the usa impact the banana-growing areas of valuable the USA? during this full of life, interdisciplinary research, John Soluri integrates agroecology, anthropology, political economic climate, and historical past to track the symbiotic development of the export banana in Honduras and the patron mass industry within the usa. starting within the 1870s whilst bananas first seemed within the U.S. industry, Soluri examines the tensions among the small-scale growers, who ruled the alternate within the early years, and the shippers. He then exhibits how emerging call for resulted in adjustments in construction that ended in the formation of significant agribusinesses, spawned foreign migrations, and reworked nice swaths of the Honduran setting into monocultures vulnerable to plant sickness epidemics that during flip replaced imperative American livelihoods. Soluri additionally appears to be like at hard work practices and employees' lives, altering gender roles at the banana plantations, the results of insecticides at the Honduran surroundings and other people, and the mass advertising and marketing of bananas to shoppers within the usa. His multifaceted account of a century of banana construction and intake provides a tremendous bankruptcy to the background of Honduras, in addition to to the bigger background of globalization and its results on rural peoples, neighborhood economies, and biodiversity.

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Extra resources for Banana Cultures: Agriculture, Consumption, and Environmental Change in Honduras and the United States

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Working people often articulated their claims to resources in terms of nationalism and social justice, creating discourses that invoked a racialized view of citizenship that excluded immigrant West Indians and others from having a claim to the North Coast’s resources. The fourth chapter focuses on the science and work of Sigatoka control following the pathogen’s appearance and subsequent spread in the Sula valley in 1935. Less than one year after the initial outbreak of Sigatoka, United Fruit scientist Vining Dunlap devised a means to control the disease through the use of Bordeaux spray (copper sulfate and lime).

Surprisingly, the legislation did not make any specific reference to banana production, an activity already initiated by small-scale cultivators on the Bay Islands, a small archipelago lying to the north of Honduras’s Caribbean coastline. The abolition of slavery in Jamaica and elsewhere in the British Caribbean prompted both former slaveholders and ex-slaves to migrate to the Bay Islands. In 1861, Britain transferred sovereignty over the islands to Honduras. 5 ‘‘A large majority’’ of the approximately 6,000 inhabitants on Roatán were anglophone ‘‘Creoles,’’ and most business transactions and other social activities took place in English.

S. banana companies did not single-handedly modernize Honduras; modernity—as a set of ideas about agriculture, economic trade, and nationalism—preceded their arrival. Chapter 2 examines the profound agroecological transformations that took place between 1910 and 1940, a period when people, Gros Michel bananas, and fungal pathogens ‘‘invaded’’ the North Coast. At the same time, Gros Michel bananas ‘‘invaded’’ the United States on an unprecedented scale, triggering congressional debates over taxes, inspiring dance crazes, and nourishing tens of millions of people.

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