By Petra Gruber
The aim of investigating the overlaps among structure and biology is neither to attract borders or make extra differences nor to claim structure alive, yet to explain what's at present taking place within the blurred fields, and to enquire the rising self-discipline of biomimetics in structure» [Architekturbionik]. an outline of the current country of analysis within the really younger clinical box of biomimetics exhibits the potential for the method. the hot self-discipline goals at innovation by means of utilising the sophisticated structures and options in nature having advanced inside hundreds of thousands of years. methods which have been taken to move natures rules to structure have supplied profitable advancements. the recent process awarded during this publication transfers the summary suggestion of existence onto equipped atmosphere. Strategic look for lifes standards in structure promises a brand new view of architectural achievements and makes the cutting edge capability seen, which has now not been exploited yet.
A collection of case experiences illustrates the range of beginning issues: from vernacular structure to area exploration.
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Extra info for Biomimetics in Architecture: Architecture of Life and Buildings
Bechert, expert on ﬂuid dynamics in the DLR, Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, drag is reduced by up to 10%. Experiments with mockup scales were carried out in oil channels because of similarities in ﬂuid mechanics. 63 "Speedo will only focus on the management of existing forces... " Speedo advertisement, 2000. The aim of research was to improve the design of the traditional swim suit and to reduce its drag in the water. 64 The material used is super elastic, enhances the ﬁt of the gear and compresses the muscles, which leads to more efﬁciency.
70 The principle has already found its way into a wide range of products. 41 Velcro. 42 Student with a model of a ﬁn, 2010. 43 Section through the head region of the femur, the thighbone. 44 Reconstruction model of the spatial trajectory surfaces, showing direction of pure tension and pressure. Bone The safety factor s - the ratio of load that would produce failure to the greatest load expected in use71 - is well known in technology. For bones and tendons, the safety factor is between 2 and 6. 72 • Spongiosa The end region of our long bones is formed by a so-called "spongiosa" or cancellous bone, minute beams out of ﬁne bone lamella.
137 Movements in architecture history have taken their own approaches to nature, and found their speciﬁc position towards nature, and architects continue to deﬁne a relation to nature. 138 Technology is one of the main driving forces for development in architecture. At the turn of the 19th century, the proponents of the futurist movement were enthusiastic about the incipient technological development, and designed urban utopias far away from the formal natural interpretations, as can be found in Jugendstil.