Caudillos: dictators in Spanish America by Hugh M. Hamill

By Hugh M. Hamill

During this significant revision of the Borzoi publication Dictatorship in Spanish the US, editor Hugh Hamill has provided conflicting interpretations of caudillismo in twenty-seven essays written by way of a world team of historians, anthropologists, sociologists, political scientists, newshounds, and caudillos themselves. the decisions symbolize revisionists, apologists, enemies, or even a sufferer of caudillos. The personalities mentioned contain the Mexican priest Miguel Hidalgo, the Argentinian gaucho Facundo Quiroga, the Guatemalan Rafael Carrera, the Colombian Rafael N??ez, Mexico’s Porfirio D?az, the Somoza relations of Nicaragua, the Dominican "Benefactor" Rafael Trujillo, the Argentinians Juan Per?n and his spouse Evita, Paraguay’s Alfredo Stroessner - referred to as "The Tyrannosaur," Chile’s Augusto Pinochet, and Cuba’s Fidel Castro.

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The Search for Legitimacy Peter H. Smith 87 Part Two. Caudillismo in the Nineteenth Century 6. The Colonial Bases of Caudillismo Hugh M. Hamill Hidalgo and Calleja: 99 7. The Caudillo as Barbarian Domingo E Sarmiento Facundo Quiroga: 107 8. Folk Caudillos E. Bradford Burns 115 9. The Taming of a Colombian Caudillo Jane M. Rausch 131 10. The Creation and Control of a Caudillo Roger M. Haigh 145 11. America in Danger Francisco Bilbao 155 12. Scientific Peace: The Ideology of a Reluctant Dictator Rafael Núñez 160 Page vi 13.

My own perceptions changed, too, in the course of the debates as well as over time. Eventually I elected to retain twelve of the original pieces and to add fifteen new ones. A new introduction became essential, as did the suggestions for further reading. As in the Knopf volume, the notes from each essay are excluded in the interest of brevity. My student critics are Tim Alstrum, John Bobko, Peter Caron, Paul Davis, Ann Friedman, Allan Metz, Susanne Muszala, Evelyn O'Connor, Jim Oehrig, Lee Penyak, and Joaquín Santiago.

2. Alcides Argüedas, Los caudillos bárbaros (Barcelona, 1929), and Los caudillos letrados (Barcelona, 1923). 3. Kenneth J. Grieb, Guatemalan Caudillo, the Regime of Jorge Ubico: Guatemala, 19311944 (Athens: Ohio University Press, 1979), 526. 4. Stanley G. Payne, The Franco Regime, 19361975 (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1987), 625. 5. F. J. Moreno, "Caudillismo: An Interpretation of its Origins in Chile," in Conflict and Violence in Latin American Politics, ed. F. J. Moreno and B. Mitriani (New York: Crowell, 1971), 3839.

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