Climate Development and History of the North Atlantic Realm by Wolfgang H. Berger (auth.), Professor Dr. Gerold Wefer,

By Wolfgang H. Berger (auth.), Professor Dr. Gerold Wefer, Professor Dr. Wolfgang H. Berger, Professor Dr. Karl-Ernst Behre, Professor Dr. Eystein Jansen (eds.)

The international setting is altering speedily lower than the effect of human actions, and an incredible portion of this modification is said to worldwide c1imate amendment. Can the learn of c1imate and heritage assist in devising concepts for dealing with this alteration? What could be the kind of details Most worthy during this context? What are the pitfalls watching for the unwary? those are the categories of questions that led us to compile specialists from the traditional and social sci­ ences with a robust curiosity in historical past, to advertise dialogue among staff in numerous disciplines by way of focussing on a standard subject of significant curiosity to society. The assembly was once prepared within the framework of a "Hanse convention" in the interdisciplinary software of the Hanse-Wissenschaftskolleg, a origin arrange to advertise interdisciplinary reports in collaboration among the schools ofBremen and Oldenburg. the purpose ofthe Hanse meetings commonly is to supply possibilities for specialists from diversified fields of the sciences and arts to return jointly and discover the bigger framework oftopics of universal curiosity. What unites the partici­ pants is their wish to glance over the fence to neighboring disciplines. younger colleagues who desire to construct an interdisciplinary profession are rather welcome. within the Hanse convention on weather and historical past, now we have endeavoured to construct bridges among the c1imate sciences and the sociological sciences concemed with environmental affects on human actions. The geological sciences, we feIt, are particularly compatible to the aim simply because they al­ prepared include old aspects.

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EOS 56:484-486 Arrhenius SA (1903) Lehrbuch der kosmischen Physik. Volume 2, Leipzig: S. Hirzel Arrhenius SA (1896) On the influence of carbonic acid in the air upon the temperature ofthe ground. Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science 41:237-276 Bakan S, Chlond A, Cubasch U, Feichter J, Graf H, Grassl H, Hasselmann K, Kirchner I, Latif M, Roeckner E, Sausen R, Schlese U, Schriever D, Schult I, Schumann U, Sielmann F, Welke W (1991) Climate response to smoke from the burning oil wells in Kuwait.

Hatched region indicates periods, for which the proxy should not be interpreted. After Appenzeller et al. (1998). Atlantic sea level pressure (Rogers 1990) and the NAO proved to be the only circulation mode tested that was coherent with the periodic behaviour of the 700 year stable isotope record from the GISP2 ice core from Central Greenland (Barlow et al. 1993). Recently it was suggested (Thompson and Wall ace 1998) that the NAO may be the regional manifestation of an annular hemispheric mode of variability characterised by a seesaw of atmospheric mass between the polar cap and the middle latitudes in both the Atlantic and the Pacific sector.

2b, the pattern of water mass 27 Climate Dynamics ofthe North Atlantic and NW-Europe WARM TO COLD TRANSFORMATION AW UNADW ISOW DSOW MNADW~""" r I LNADW • AABW -"-~--NORDIC SEAS RIDGE SUBPOLAR GYRE SUBTROPICAL GYRE TROPICAL GYRE EQ Fig. 2a. Schematic of the meridional overtuming circulation (MOC) in the North Atlantic. Poleward flowing Atlantic Water (AW) forms the upper limb of the MOC. It is cooled and sinks in the convection regions of the Labrador Sea (forming Labrador Sea Water, LSW) and the Nordic Seas (forming Arctic Intermediate, AIW, and Deep Waters).

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