By Charles W. Bergquist
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Extra resources for Coffee and Conflict in Colombia, 1886-1910
Its title accurately describes its contents and intended audience: Coffee Cultivation: Elemental Notions Within the Grasp of All Workers. The other manual, written by Nicolas Saenz Pinzon, a Liberal who had founded a great, mechanized plantation in Viota, Cundinamarca, was filled with botanical names and included instructions for soil analysis and construction of temperature charts. P" of the terms of contracts between Colombian coffee exporters and foreign commission houses, see Jose Maria Cortes [Agent of Enrique Cortes & Cia] to Sixto Duran, Bogota, April 25, 1898, Duran Family Papers, Academia Colombiana de Historia (hereafter cited as Duran, ACH); contract between Tovar Hermanos and Schwann and Cia dated October 8, 1901, Documentos relacionados con la Guerra de los Mil Dias, Archivo del Ministerio de Defensa, vol.
During the 1890' s thousands of acres of public lands in coffee zones were adjudicated in these ways, although most of the land was distributed in large tracts to a relatively small number of men. P During the 1890's cases of conflict between settlers who claimed to be squatting on public land and landowners who asserted previous title to the same land were almost always de9. In February, 1882, coffee from the Cundinamarcan municipality of Sasaima was selling abroad at twenty cents a pound while coffee from Cticuta in Santander was going for ten cents a pound.
26. Note that for purposes of the calculations made here, the level of return should be even higher since a large portion of the estimated production costs given in the previous footnote was destined to pay the initial labor costs of establishing a coffee plantation. 27. In 1888 a British consular official estimated yield at one and one-half pounds per tree, noting that the unit yield was higher in Colombia than in other coffee exporting nations. Great Britain, Foreign Office, "Report on the Agricultural Condition of Colombia," p.