Comparative European Party Systems: An Analysis of by Alan Siaroff

By Alan Siaroff

This e-book presents a accomplished research of the get together platforms of the full continent of Europe. This paintings additionally comprises case reports of the Baltic States and Balkan democracies and is going as some distance east as Russia, Ukraine, Georgia, and Turkey.

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Union rights and welfare state spending), between the social democrats and the liberals (civil liberties and, usually, foreign policy), and between the Christian democrats and the liberals (private ownership and limiting the size of government). This pattern is at the core of party politics in Austria, the Benelux countries (Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands), Germany, Switzerland to a large extent, Italy until recently, and now Poland and Slovenia. Of course, in all of these systems there are additional parties, but these are the core dimensions.

There is no clear center but, rather, Introduction and Context 17 Christian democrats on the religious center right and liberals on the secular center right. , union rights and welfare state spending), between the social democrats and the liberals (civil liberties and, usually, foreign policy), and between the Christian democrats and the liberals (private ownership and limiting the size of government). This pattern is at the core of party politics in Austria, the Benelux countries (Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands), Germany, Switzerland to a large extent, Italy until recently, and now Poland and Slovenia.

6 percent in 1987 (in favor of ANAP). SBT2—Seat Bias of Top Two Parties. This is the same measure as SBL, except for the top two parties. That is, this value is obtained by subtracting the combined percentage of votes won from the combined percentage of seats won by the two parties winning the most seats. SBT2 is simply the difference between the next two variables, 2PVC and 2PSC. SBT2 reflects the extent to which the electoral system is biased either in favor of or against the top two parties (in terms of seats).

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