Demanding Democracy: Reform and Reaction in Costa Rica and by Deborah Yashar

By Deborah Yashar

This ebook examines the origins of democracy and authoritarianism utilizing a unique coalitional method of study questions: What are the stipulations below which actors stumbled on democracy? What are the stipulations conducive to its patience? The e-book explores those questions through reading the situations of Costa Rica and Guatemala. Costa Rica is the longest-standing and arguably the main strong democracy in Latin the US, whereas Guatemala has one of the longest and so much brutal documents of authoritarian rule in Latin America

The author's clean reinterpretation of those circumstances demonstrates that sooner than the 1950's, the 2 nations commonly comparable styles of political swap and improvement, together with seven many years of Liberal authoritarian rule starting within the 1870's, just below a decade of democratic reforms within the 1940's, and short yet consequential counterreform pursuits that overthrew the democratic regimes at mid-twentieth century. Why did Costa Rica emerge with a permanent political democracy and Guatemala with authoritarian rule following those greatly related ancient trajectories? Demanding Democracy argues that the democratizing coalition's good fortune in Costa Rica and its failure in Guatemala rested upon its skill to redistribute elite estate early on and to workout powerful political regulate of the countryside.

The book's designated theoretical strategy integrates an research of the stipulations fostering democracy with these conducive to its persistence. In doing so, it bridges arguments that target democratic transitions and people who specialise in their consolidation. in addition, it strikes past debates in regards to the function of constitution and supplier in those techniques by way of concentrating on the interaction among historic associations that want authoritarian rule and the political coalitions that paintings to remake these associations in methods consonant with democracy.

Show description

Read or Download Demanding Democracy: Reform and Reaction in Costa Rica and Guatemala, 1870s-1950s PDF

Best central america books

Latin America: Economy and Society since 1930

The Cambridge heritage of Latin the USA is a huge scale, collaborative, multi-volume heritage of Latin the USA spanning the 500 years among the past due 15th century and the current. Latin the USA: economic climate and Society due to the fact that 1930 brings jointly chapters from components 1 and a couple of of quantity VI of The Cambridge heritage to supply an entire survey of the Latin American economies due to the fact 1930.

As if Jesus walked on Earth: Cardenismo, Sonora, and the Mexican Revolution

Conservatives branded him a communist traitor, a perilous radical uploading unique idealogies that finally could smash the techniques of non-public estate, the kin, and faith. even though, to the Indians, operating category, and the negative, he was once a digital deity, tata, the embodiment of the folk. To that horde of millions, the six years that L_zaro C_rdenas served as president of Mexico have been as though Jesus, Himself, walked in the world.

Frommer's Chile & Easter Island (Frommer's Complete Guides)

You will by no means fall into the vacationer traps for those who go back and forth with Frommer's. it is like having a chum convey you round, taking you to the areas locals like most sensible. Our specialist authors have already long past in every single place you could go--they've performed the legwork for you, and they are now not afraid to inform it love it is, saving you money and time.

Arsenio Rodríguez and the Transnational Flows of Latin Popular Music

Arsenio Rodr guez was once essentially the most vital Cuban musicians of the 20th century. during this first scholarly examine, ethnomusicologist David F. Garc a examines Rodr guez's lifestyles, together with the conjunto musical blend he led and the hugely influential son montuno type of song he created within the Forties.

Extra info for Demanding Democracy: Reform and Reaction in Costa Rica and Guatemala, 1870s-1950s

Sample text

Liberals also founded an agricultural bank and invited foreign investment. But most significantly, the government issued a series of measures to enhance the emerging coffee producers' access to lands and labor. Coffee producers sought rich agricultural lands in the west and the Verapaces provinces to the north of Guatemala City. These regions proved particularly well-suited for coffee production. Indigenous communities, however, largely owned and/or cultivated these lands. Consequently, the Liberal reformers enacted a land reform, Decree 170 (January 1877).

Liberals sought to overcome these obstacles and to establish incentives to promote coffee production. They improved the country's infrastructure, including its roads, railways, dams, bridges, and communication networks. 11 By the end of the 188os, telegraphic communication was possible throughout the country (McCreery I990: no). Liberals also founded an agricultural bank and invited foreign investment. But most significantly, the government issued a series of measures to enhance the emerging coffee producers' access to lands and labor.

8 The Guatemalan Liberal state treated the Church more harshly than did the other Central American Liberal republics (Holleran I949; Chea Urruela 1988; Handy 1984:62-63; Perez Brignoli 1985 :76; Woodward 1985: 167-71; Dunkerley 1988: 25). The Liberal dictators sought to replace the Church's dominant role in the countryside through the centralization and institutionalization of military power. Barrios, for example, increased the policing capacities of local military chiefs and state political agents, who monitored local events on behalf of the dictator (McCreery 1990: 1IO-II).

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.59 of 5 – based on 35 votes