By Robert Spencer
Are jihadists demise for a fiction? every little thing you notion you knew approximately Islam is set to change.
Did Muhammad exist?
It is a query that few have thought—or dared—to ask. almost every person, Muslim and non-Muslim alike, takes without any consideration that the prophet of Islam lived and led in seventh-century Arabia.
But this greatly permitted tale starts off to collapse on shut exam, as Robert Spencer indicates in his eye-opening new book.
In his blockbuster bestseller The fact approximately Muhammad, Spencer published the stunning contents of the earliest Islamic biographical fabric in regards to the prophet of Islam. Now, in Did Muhammad Exist?, he uncovers that material's strangely shaky historic foundations. Spencer meticulously examines ancient files, archaeological findings, and pioneering new scholarship to reconstruct what we will find out about Muhammad, the Qur'an, and the early days of Islam. The facts he provides demanding situations the main basic assumptions approximately Islam's origins.
Did Muhammad Exist? reveals:
• How the earliest biographical fabric approximately Muhammad dates from at the least a hundred twenty five years after his mentioned death
• How six a long time handed ahead of the Arabian conquerors—or the folks they conquered—even pointed out Muhammad, the Qur'an, or Islam
• The startling facts that the Qur'an used to be comprised of latest materials—including pre-Islamic Christian texts
• How even Muslim students recognize that numerous experiences of Muhammad's deeds have been fabricated
• Why a recognized mosque inscription may well refer to not Muhammad yet, astonishingly, to Jesus
• How the oldest files pertaining to a guy named Muhammad undergo little resemblance to the now-standard Islamic account of the lifetime of the prophet
• the numerous symptoms that Arabian leaders shaped Islam for political reasons
Far from an anti-Islamic polemic, Did Muhammad Exist? is a sober yet unflinching examine the origins of 1 of the world's significant religions. whereas Judaism and Christianity were subjected to looking old feedback for greater than centuries, Islam hasn't ever bought an identical therapy on any major scale.
The actual tale of Muhammad and early Islam has lengthy remained within the shadows. Robert Spencer brings it into the sunshine in the end.
Read or Download Did Muhammad Exist?: An Inquiry into Islam's Obscure Origins PDF
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Additional resources for Did Muhammad Exist?: An Inquiry into Islam's Obscure Origins
2, 443, no. 1776. indd 13 6/27/2006 2:01:23 PM 14 devin deweese the Iranocentric vision noted in the case of some Persian historians of this period, but at the same time there is little evident interest in Mongol lore or traditions as such (of the sort evident in the work of RashÊd al-DÊn, for instance). As a biographical compendium, the work is distinctive among extant works from this era for its organization by laqab. Better-known works of this genre from the thirteenth century—those of Y§qåt (d.
Within a single biographical entry he will cite books and other written material (above all, lists of teachers and masters) that he inspected personally, including samples of poetry he solicited 6 As Ibn al-FuwaãÊ himself tells it, his own erudition was such that natives of a particular region who came to see him would often ask him about some cultural production of their homeland; for example, a native of Banakat, near Tashkent, who came to Maragha in 671/1272–73 and worked as a copyist, asked Ibn alFuwaãÊ about “poetry by the learned men of Mawarannahr and Turkistan” (Ibn al-FuwaãÊ , vol.
The roundels alternate with pairs of smaller lobed medallions bearing a coiled dragon. 17 The roundels are framed by interlocking circles, a well-known motif in twelfth- and the Mongols and their kin, see the magisterial work by Peter Andrews (1999). 12 Masuya (2002), 81–84. Also see Allsen (1997), 13–15. 13 Masuya (2002), 78. 14 JuwaynÊ (1958), vol. 2, 616. 15 Andrews (1999), pls. 95–108. 16 Komaroff and Carboni, eds. (2002), no. 73, based on Kajitani’s initial research. 17 Both confronted and affronted birds occur.