Do Options Exist?: The Reform of Pension and Health Care by Maria Amparo Cruz-Saco, Carmelo Mesa-Lago

By Maria Amparo Cruz-Saco, Carmelo Mesa-Lago

This well timed quantity brings jointly experts at the reform of social safety platforms to investigate the similarities and ameliorations of these wellbeing and fitness care and pension reforms that experience taken position because the early Nineteen Nineties and indicates attainable earnings via fresh or meditated revisions to these structures. individuals: Mariela Arenas; Alberto Arenas de Mesa; Julin Bertranou; Silvia Borzutzky; Miguel Eduardo Crdenas Rivera; Brian Cartin; Ricardo C-rdova Mac'as; Aldo Isuani; Cheikh Kanerical details, huge ranging throughout huge and small Latin American international locations, and firmly keen on the reform of pension and well-being care platforms, this finished ebook is prone to develop into the normal reference paintings on its matters. To my wisdom, no different booklet accomplishes rather a lot in those areas." - Jorge Dom'nguez, the heart for foreign Affairs, Harvard collage "With a wealth of aspect on a dozen significant nations in Latin the US, this edited quantity demonstrates that there's no unmarried route to reform of social safety. The editors' precis and proposals remind these looking basic strategies that every nationwide event precludes using one-size-fits-all formulae. Globalization may well push all governments towards slimmer protection nets, yet incumbent stakeholders will face up to, draw out, and attenuate strikes towards larger fairness and potency. Thisam McGreevey, Director, improvement Economics, The Futures staff Int'l and critical Economist, the realm financial institution "The sound and insightful research during this quantity asssesses numerous social defense and future health care schemes in Latin the US, the place coverage concerns havtilateral companies, together with the InterAmerican improvement financial institution, the area financial institution, and the Acuerdo de Cartagena, and legit firms corresponding to the govt of Paraguay and vp of improvement at the Corporac'on Financiera de Desarrollo in Peru.

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Extra resources for Do Options Exist?: The Reform of Pension and Health Care Systems in Latin America (Pitt Latin Amercian Studies)

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Who participates in the policy making that affects the rights of citizens? How will changes in policies, procedures, and practices affect the poor, the disabled, women and children, marginalized groups? In developing countries such as in Latin America, is the goal of government to protect the social coverage that is guaranteed to the people? If coverage is not privately paid, simply because people are too poor to afford it, has government the responsibility of implementing redistributive policies to provide minimum coverage?

The economic recession of the 1980s aggravated the magnitude of the Page 8 social security crisis in the pioneers and accelerated the financial and actuarial imbalance of the other two groups. Real coverage decreased because of high unemployment rates and increasing informalization of the labor force. Rampant evasion, the default of employers and state contributions, negative real capital returns, and lower real wages diminished both social security revenues and the real value of the reserve fund.

The Reform of Pension and Health Care Systems in Latin America Edited by María Amparo Cruz-Saco and Carmelo Mesa-Lago UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH PRESS Page iv Published by the University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, Pa. 15261 Copyright © 1998, University of Pittsburgh Press All rights reserved Manufactured in the United States of America Printed on acid-free paper 10 9 8 7 6 54 3 2 1 A CIP catalog record for this book is available from the Library of Congress and the British Library. Page v CONTENTS Abbreviations vii 1 Introduction: Context and Typology of Reform Models María Amparo Cruz-Saco Oyague 1 Part 1.

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