By Gale Group, Rosalyn Carson-Dewitt
***This is a four quantity Set***
Why a moment version of the "Encyclopedia of gear and alcohol?" And why swap the identify to the "Encyclopedia of substances, alcohol, and addictive behavior?" ponder a smattering of information: in 1999, 10.3 million humans (4.7% of the yank inhabitants) a while 12 years or older have been depending on illicit medications or alcohol; in 1998, it used to be anticipated that nearly 19,000 alcohol triggered deaths ensue every year within the usa; in 1993, it was once said that 13,984 humans have been killed in alcohol-related motorcar injuries; 3,765 of those members had no longer been ingesting themselves; in 1998 16,926 deaths have been attributed to drug-induced factors; in 1998, power liver affliction and cirrhosis furnish because the tenth top explanation for loss of life within the usa; fetal alcohol syndrome impacts one in each 600-750 births, and is presently the prime reason behind psychological retardation, beating out earlier contenders reminiscent of down syndrome and spina bifida; monetary rate to society regarding alcohol and drug abuse projected at approximately $246 million in 1992; projections for 1995 means that monetary expenses on the topic of alcohol and drug abuse might succeed in over $276 million; people who smoke a long time 18-25 have a fourfold elevated chance of illicit drug use in comparison to their non-smoking friends; people who smoke a while 12-17 have a sevenfold elevated chance of illicit drug use in comparison to the non-smoking friends; in 2000, the us prepare an emergency reduction package deal to Colombia, totaling $1.3 billion, meant partly to deal with the problems of drug trafficking among Columbia and the us; in 1999, the yearly rate for challenge and pathological playing reached $5 billion, with lifetime expenditures projected at $40 billion linked to reduced productiveness, social carrier expenses, and creditor losses; medicinal drugs, alcohol, and addictive behaviors have huge, immense ramifications on an international scale, and comprise political, fiscal, criminal, social, and public overall healthiness issues...
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Extra resources for Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol, and Addictive Behavior 4 vol set (Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol and Addictive Behavior)
Ellinwood Department of Psychiatry Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC Loretta P. Finnegan CAUSES OF SUBSTANCE ABUSE: DRUG EFFECTS AND BIOLOGICAL RESPONSES Women’s Health Institute National Institute of Health, Bethesda, MD Margaret E. Ensminger FETUS: EFFECTS OF DRUGS ON THE PREGNANCY AND DRUG DEPENDENCE OPIOIDS AND COCAINE Department of Health Policy and Management Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD Michael First POVERTY AND DRUG USE VULNERABILITY AS CAUSE OF SUBSTANCE ABUSE: GENDER VULNERABILITY AS CAUSE OF SUBSTANCE ABUSE: RACE VULNERABILITY AS CAUSE OF SUBSTANCE ABUSE: SEXUAL AND PHYSICAL ABUSE College of Physicians and Surgeons Columbia University, New York, NY STRUCTURED CLINICAL INTERVIEW FOR DSM-IV Marian W.
Alterman Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania Veterans Administration Medical Center Philadelphia, PA DIAGNOSIS OF DRUG ABUSE: DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA DIAGNOSTIC AND STATISTICAL MANUAL (DSM) DIAGNOSTIC INTERVIEW SCHEDULE (DIS) INTERNAL CLASSIFICATION OF DISEASES (ICD) MINNESOTA MULTIPHASIC PERSONALITY INVENTORY (MMP) STRUCTURED CLINICAL INTERVIEW FOR DSM-IV (SCID) TREATMENT TYPES: OUTPATIENT VERSUS INPATIENT Robert T. Angarola Hyman, Phelps, and McNamara, Washington, DC EXCLUSIONARY RULE HARRISON NARCOTICS ACT OF 1914 xxxvii xxxviii LIST OF AUTHORS Jerald G.
S. , Tucson, AZ Haight-Ashbury Free Clinics Inc. , Annapolis, MD National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse Rockville, MD CRIME AND DRUGS Charles P. O’Brien HOMELESSNESS, ALCOHOL, AND OTHER DRUGS Treatment Research Center University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA Ralph Myerson TREATMENT: COCAINE, AN OVERVIEW Merion Station, PA COMPLICATIONS: DERMATOLOGICAL COMPLICATIONS: LIVER (OTHER DRUGS) COMPLICATIONS: MEDICAL AND BEHAVIORAL TOXICITY OVERVIEW Grace O’Leary Department of Psychiatry McLean Hospital, Belmont, MA FREEBASING Claudio A.