By James W. Dow
The 10 quantity Encyclopedia of worldwide tradition lists and describes greater than 1500 cultural teams around the globe. in keeping with the examine of hundreds of thousands of social scientists, it's the authoritative resource for old, social, political, financial, linguistic, spiritual, and different info on almost all cultures present during this century - from the Abelam, Acadians, Ashkenazim, and Azerbaijani to the Zapotec, Zoroastrians, Zulu, and Zuni. The Encyclopedia could be of monstrous price to scholars, lecturers, researchers, and pros in anthropology, historical past, foreign experiences, geography, journalism, political technology, schooling, social provider, govt, linguistics, museum experiences, non secular experiences, and lots of comparable fields. quantity VIII covers the cultures of imperative the USA and the Caribbean, together with the Indian teams and the Island teams similar to the Cubans, Puerto Ricans, and Haitians.
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Extra resources for Encyclopedia of World Cultures, middle_america_and_the_caribbean
S. Senator Jeremiah Clemens of Maury’s own state of Alabama, for instance, was rumored to be organizing an operation to Ecuador. Supposedly Clemens had contracted to raise 2,100 men and provide 6 vessels to assist an effort by the former Ecuadorian president Juan José Flores to regain control over the country. 3 ’ Throughout the year, moreover, Americans plotted attacks against their southern neighbor. S. Army major and topographical engineer William H. Emory posted a letter from El Paso intimating that even though he despised “ﬁlibusterism,” he was conspiring with inﬂuential people across the border who favored the annexation of Chihuahua to the United States.
Calhoun of South Carolina, a former secretary of state, brieﬁng him about the ﬁlibusters’ pending embarkation: “Now I must tell you of the progress of the Cuba affair. . ” Greenhow’s note reinforced John L. O’Sullivan’s attempt of ﬁve days earlier to ﬂatter Calhoun into collaboration. 12 Even had Calhoun immediately thrown his inﬂuence behind López’s movement, it would have come too late. S. naval oﬃcers were blockading Round Island. Just the day before, Commander Victor M. Randolph had proclaimed to the “vagrants” on the island that they were mercenaries and lawbreakers, and warned them not only that he would prevent their boarding oceangoing steamers, but that starting the next day he would cut off their shipments of provisions from the mainland.
López pressed inland toward Cuba’s mountainous interior terrain with almost three quarters of his men, leaving the remainder under Colonel William Crittenden to safeguard his supplies until carts and oxen were acquired to bring them away from the coast. López did conﬁscate carts and oxen after arriving at the nearby village of Las Pozas, but on learning of Spanish forces in the area sent word to Crittenden to abandon the supplies and close up with him. It was too late. Spanish forces put both López’s and Crittenden’s detachments under attack on the 13th, and although the ﬁlibusters were able to repulse both assaults and inﬂict more casualties on the Spaniards than they themselves suffered, Crittenden made the mistake of chasing after his attackers with about eighty men.