Enhancing the Postdoctoral Experience: A Guide for by National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of

By National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine, Public Policy, The National Academies, Committee on Science Engineering

The concept that of postdoctoral education got here to technology and engineering a few century in the past. because the Nineteen Sixties, the functionality of analysis within the usa has more and more trusted those contemporary PhDs who paintings on a full-time, yet on a short lived foundation, to achieve extra examine adventure in training for a certified study occupation. Such studies are more and more noticeable as valuable to careers in learn, yet for plenty of, the postdoctoral event falls in need of expectancies. a few postdocs point out that they've no longer obtained the popularity, status or reimbursement that's commensurate with their event and abilities. is that this the case? if that is so, how can the postdoctoral adventure be more desirable for the over 40,000 people who carry those positions at collage, executive, and laboratories? This new booklet bargains its evaluate of the postdoctoral event and gives ideas, motion issues, and suggestions for reinforcing that have.

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2. Develop distinct policies and standards for postdocs, modeled on those available for graduate students and faculty. 3. Develop mechanisms for frequent and regular communication between postdocs and their advisers, institutions, funding organizations, and disciplinary societies. 4. Monitor and provide formal evaluations (at least annually) of the performance of postdocs. 5. Ensure that all postdocs have access to health insurance, regardless of funding source, and to institutional services. 6.

Edu) for research purposes are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Distribution, posting, or copying is strictly prohibited without written permission of the NAP. D. Anderson Cancer Ctr 53 6 35 8 36 6 51 21 2 54 24 24 45 38 30 13 16 48 21 5 36 54 17 20 22 2 Source: 1998 Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering A changing pattern. By the late 1970s, the pattern of postdoctoral behavior began to change. Numbers of postdocs increased as PhD labor markets weakened.

From the 39,619 academic appointments one can infer a total population of about 52,000. Copyright © 2003 National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. edu) for research purposes are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Distribution, posting, or copying is strictly prohibited without written permission of the NAP. ro on Tue Aug 26 04:35:49 2003 9 POSTDOCTORAL SCHOLARS IN US INSTITUTIONS Biological Sciences Doctorates 98 97 19 96 19 95 19 94 19 93 19 92 19 91 19 90 19 89 19 88 19 86 87 19 19 85 19 19 98 4 stdoctoral Study Chemistry Doctorates 95 19 96 19 97 19 98 94 19 93 19 92 19 91 19 19 90 19 89 88 19 86 87 19 19 85 19 19 98 4 stdoctoral Study hysics and Astronomy Doctorates 98 97 19 96 19 95 19 94 19 93 19 92 19 91 19 19 90 19 89 88 19 86 87 19 19 85 19 19 98 4 ostdoctoral Study FIGURE 1-3: Number of Doctorates and the Number Planning Postdoctoral Study, 19751998, by Field.

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