Evolutionary Biology of the New World Monkeys and by D. H. Tarling (auth.), Russell L. Ciochon, A. Brunetto

By D. H. Tarling (auth.), Russell L. Ciochon, A. Brunetto Chiarelli (eds.)

It is now popular that the concept that of drifting continents grew to become an estab­ lished thought through the Nineteen Sixties. now not lengthy after this "revolution within the earth sciences," researchers started utilising the continental go with the flow version to difficulties in ancient biogeography. One such challenge used to be the beginning and dispersal of the recent global monkeys, the Platyrrhini. Our pursuits during this topic all started within the past due Nineteen Sixties on varied conti­ nents fairly self sufficient of each other within the towns of Florence, Italy, and Berkeley, California. In Florence in 1968, A. B. Chiarelli, via stimulating discussions with R. von Koenigswald and B. de Boer, turned intrigued with the prospect repositioning of the continents of Africa and South the United States within the early Cenozoic may well regulate earlier conventional conceptions of a North American foundation of the Platyrrhini. in the course of the early Nineteen Seventies this con­ cept used to be increased and pursued by way of him via discussions with scholars whereas serving as traveling professor on the collage of Toronto. by way of this time, book of the magazine of Human Evolution used to be good underway, and Dr. Chiarelli as editor inspired a discussion emphasizing continental flow versions of primate origins which culminated in a chain of articles released in that magazine in the course of 1974-75. In early 1970, whereas attending the collage of California at Berkeley, R. L. Ciochon used to be brought to the concept that of continental glide and plate tectonics and their concomitant purposes to vertebrate evolution via talks with paleontologist W. A. Clemens and anthropologist S. L. Washburn.

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G. K. Westbrook of the Department of Geological Sciences, Durham University, for his comments on the Caribbean. I have benefited from all of these criticisms but have not accepted all of them, so the undoubted errors of judgment are mine, not theirs. References Adie, R. j.. 1971, Review of Antarctic geology. S. CondwaTU1n Symposium, Capetown, pp. 15-22. D. H. , Cordani, U. , and Reynolds, J. , 1966, Potassium argon data of basaltic rocks from southern Brazil, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 31:117-142.

See legend to Fig. 19. The Nature of the Possible Terrestrial Migration Routes to South America Before the initiation of the Atlantic Ocean, in Late CarboniferousPermian times, access between the European, North and South American, African, and Antarctic continents was completely free other than the occasional shallow sea and the vestiges of mountain chains along, for example, the Appalachians. Obviously such barriers could be extremely effective for some organisms but the absence of different types of ecological niche would enhance the lack of geographical isolation and few differences would be expected between the fauna and flora of the different continents.

Bowen, R. , 1966, Tectogenetic relations of major Late Jurrasic-Early Cretaceous arching and lava extrusion in Southern Brazil, Abs. Trans. Am. Geophys. Union 47: 177 -178. , 1975, The geology of Hispaniola. in: The Ocean Basins and Margins, Vol. 3, The Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean (A. E. M. Nairn and F. G. ), pp. 501-552, Plenum Press, New York. Campos, C. W. , Ponte, F. , 1974, Geology of the Brazilian continental margin, in: The Geology of Continental Margins (C. A. Burke and C. L. ), pp.

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