Female Prostitution in Costa Rica: Historical Perspectives, by Anne Hayes

By Anne Hayes

This ebook analyzes the advance of girl prostitution within the Pacific port of Puntarenas, Costa Rica in the course of the complicated level of the espresso exporting financial system (1880-1930), on the top of the consolidation of the liberal nation. Hayes argues that prostitution within the port differed from that of the espresso generating highlands because of differential monetary, social, and political improvement. within the outer edge of Puntarenas, the improvement of prostitution mirrored a much less stigmatized view of sexual trade than that of the highlands, the place prostitution, even if felony, threatened the tenets of liberal nationalism in response to racial homogeneity and family members values. girls of the highlands have been inspired to breed the nation's "more ecu" inventory of employees and to make sure the felony transference of estate via criminal church marriages - either a part of a layout to stabilize the espresso exporting undertaking. against this, prostitutes and different operating girls of Puntarenas, many immigrants from the "less eu" populations of neighboring areas and so much in concubinage, have been freer to do what the legislation prescribed - check in as prostitutes in valid alternate. Such neighborhood disparities show weaknesses in conventional causes of Costa Rican exceptionalism, that have rested at the premise of cultural homogeneity and feature mirrored the realities of just one quarter of the rustic. The e-book advances another reason for the improvement of the nation's extra democratic associations, situating Costa Rican exceptionalism within the nation's unfastened hard work procedure, of which the hard work prostitute in Puntarenas presents an instance.

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These colonial elites maintained their positions by occupying civil, ecclesiastical and military positions. 22 By the end of the colonial era, while the population of the Pacific region had a significant African racial element, that of the Meseta Central underwent a more rapid assimilation process due to the region’s growing urbanization. Miscegenation in the Central Valley was a more relaxed matter than in many other regions of Spanish America. The 1778 Royal Pragmatic of the late Bourbon era, designed to make legal marriage a protection against racial mixing by increasing parental control over marriage choice, had a mixed reception in the Central Valley.

2 As reported by politician and liberal historian Cleto González Víquez, Puntarenas has been a physical work in progress since the time of its first appearance. Map 2–1 shows its physical evolution from 1860 to 1885 to 1931, in the first stage a limited protrusion, in the second hooking northward, and in the third, leveling out to create what became Barrio del Carmen. Map 2–2 shows Puntarenas as it looked in 1905. G. S. diplomat who, in his efforts to imitate Alexander von Humboldt, took careful notes on everything that he observed in his travels, wrote in 1858, “Punta Arenas, although far from healthy, is certainly less deadly than the port of Caldera .

T. de Lapelin, corroborated the consensus of the merchant marine community that Puntarenas was the lesser of evils: In respect of salubrity, little can be said in favor of Punta Arenas. It is troubled with fevers throughout the year, which equally assail natives and strangers; but those contracted in the dry season are little dangerous, while those which prevail during the rainy season take a fatal type. 6 The general resignation of inhabitants of Puntarenas to their precarious topography is reinforced by a myth of origin that asserts that Puntarenas quite magically materialized after the Port of Callao in Perú suffered a devastating earthquake, losing territory and population to the sea.

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