By Adriaan van Maaren (auth.), F. C. Hummel (eds.)
5. three. 2 a few proof and figures 177 five. three. three coverage implications 179 five. four Tropical wet woodland 182 five. four. 1 advent 182 five. four. 2 heritage 184 five. four. three coverage concerns 186 five. four. four coverage thoughts 188 five. five Farm Forestry a hundred ninety five. five. 1 advent a hundred ninety five. five. 2 forms of farm forests 192 five. five. three The dynamics in farm forestry 193 five. five. four wooded area coverage and farm forestry 194 five. 6 Agroforestry 196 five. 6. 1 advent 196 five. 6. 2 background 198 five. 6. three coverage facets 2 hundred five. 7 Rural neighborhood improvement 203 five. 7. 1 advent 203 five. 7. 2 constructing international locations 203 five. 7. three built nations 207 References 210 6 associations AND management 213 through Fred Hummel 6. 1 wooded area possession 213 6. 1. 1 nation forests 213 6. 1. 2 Forests owned by means of members 214 6. 1. three Communal forests 216 6. 1. four Co-operative forests 217 6. 1. five Forests owned by means of 218 6. 1. 6 Forests owned through associations 219 6. 1. 7 coverage issues 220 6. 2 laws 221 6. 2. 1 normal issues 222 6. 2. 2 Drafting and reviewing woodland laws 223 6. 2. three particular criminal matters (land, creation, safety) 225 6. three Taxation and incentives 227 6. three. 1 Taxation 228 6. three. 2 Incentives 230 6. four schooling and coaching 233 IX 6. 4.
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Extra resources for Forest Policy: A contribution to resource development
International trade in forest products has expanded in importance relative to production and consumption; and the number of countries involved in international trading, whether as exporters or importers, has also grown. To take a concrete example in the Pacific-Basin, it is certainly of signifance to an importing country such as Japan or exporting countries as Chile and New Zealand to be aware of the forest resource situation on the West Coast of North America and the policy decisions which Canada and the USA have been taking to move from 'timber-mining' towards sustained yield management; equally to be aware of fundamental shifts in trade policies of countries such as Indonesia or the Philippines from being log export oriented to a policy of developing domestic sawmilling and plywood capacity, partly with a view to replacing exports of logs by the higher unit value products of those industries.
What is, however, certain is that in most countries of the world some increase in forest area would be in the national interest and a decrease would not. The silvicultural systems to be applied should mainly be left to the decision of forest owners and managers, but there are also policy implications. Plantation forestry is usually based on the planting of one or a restricted number of tree species outside existing forests or following the clearcutting of smaller or larger areas of existing forest.
In: Journal Forestier Suisse. A. et al. B. Saunders Company, Phiiadelphia/LondonlToronto. G. (1981) A history of English Forestry. Basil Blackwell, Oxford. Mantel, K (1980) Forstgeschlchte des 16. Jahrhunderts. W. et al (1976) Introduction to Forestry. McGraw-Hill, New York. A. et al (1978) Unpriced values Decisions without market prices. John Wiley & Sons, New York. V. (1981) Man and the Meditteranean Forest. Academic Press, London. C. (1970) PrInciples of Forest Policy. McGraw-Hill, New York.