From macroeconomic correction to public sector reform: the by Eduardo Wiesner Durán

By Eduardo Wiesner Durán

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Extra resources for From macroeconomic correction to public sector reform: the critical role of evaluation, Parts 63-214

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In brief, strengthened evaluation capacity will bring about higher public sector efficiency which is the basic objective of public sector reform. Summarizing, the main purpose of this paper is to develop the conceptual and analytical framework that links together: (1) the strengthening of evaluation capacity in developing countries, (2) public sector reform in those countries, and (3) the role of multilateral development institutions in support of these efforts. Understanding such a framework is necessary for the formulation of a consistent strategy that takes into consideration the complex interrelationships and interests involved, and joins them in a cooperative and participatory effort.

A major part of the World Bank's answer to this question is to improve the performance of the country portfolio and to "use resources as effectively as possible" (Preston 1992). This could be achieved by enhancing the role of its Operations Evaluation Department (OED), and by refocusing ex post evaluation on sustainable development impact (Wapenhans 1992). This paper contends that strengthening the evaluation capacity of developing countries will lead to increased efficiency, and will constitute, at the same time, a very powerful instrument for public sector reform.

In linking evaluation capacity with public sector reform, this paper assigns particular significance to the evaluation of national policies, in contrast to the exclusive evaluation of projects or programs. Evaluation of national policies is emphasized because of their long-term effect on developing countries (Easterly 1992), and because reform will not occur without a public sector restructuring that includes changes in the modalities of governmental intervention. Such new strategies for public sector reform will not be fully forthcoming without the information that emerges from evaluation.

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