From the Circle of Alcuin to the School of Auxerre: Logic, by John Marenbon

By John Marenbon

This examine is the 1st glossy account of the advance of philosophy through the Carolingian Renaissance. within the past due 8th century, Dr Marenbon argues, theologians have been led by means of their enthusiasm for common sense to pose themselves really philosophical questions. The relevant subject matters of ninth-century philosophy - essence, the Aristotelian different types, the matter of Universals - have been to preoccupy thinkers during the heart a while. The earliest interval of medieval philosophy was once therefore a formative one. This paintings relies on a clean examine of the manuscript resources. The ideas of students corresponding to Alcuin, Candidus, Fredegisus, Ratramnus of Corbie, John Scottus Eriugena and Heiric of Auxerre is tested intimately and in comparison with their resources; and a large choice of proof is used to throw gentle at the milieu during which those thinkers flourished. complete severe variants of an immense physique of early medieval philosophical fabric, a lot of it by no means sooner than released, are integrated.

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83. See below, Passage v u , nn. 2, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14. Brief accounts of his life and w o r k are given in A. Hauck, Kirchengeschichte Deutschlands 11 (Leipzig, 1912) p p . 151-3; H . Lowe, op. , passim; G. Drioux, CANDIDVS WIZO in Dictionnaire d'Histoire et de Geographie Ecclesiastique 11, col. 735-7. Cf. letter no. 24 (in Dummler's edition MGHEpistulae iv, esp. p. 65:28-32). Diimmler's dating of this letter to 794 is preferable to Jaffe's date of 783-5 (Monumenta Alcuiniana = Bibliotheca Rerum Germanicarum vi (Berlin, 1873), p.

All references to the Opuscula Sacra are to Boethius: the Theological Tractates and the Consolation of Philosophy, edited and translated by E. K. Rand, H. F. Stewart & S. J. , 1973). This passage, p. 6:24-5: 'numero differentiam accidentium uarietas facit'. 48 The disclaimer which Boethius attaches to his exposition of the theory - he expounds it not because he thinks it true but because it is Aristotelian, and he is commenting a work based on Aristotle must have made such an 'elaboration' of Boethius's idea all the more tempting to the early medieval scholar.

Th. phil. Klasse der kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften (Wien, 1875), 79, pp. , PP- 535-4i) considers that W i z o himself was the author of this letter; Hauck (op. , p. 152, n. 2) suspends judgement; Richter (op. , pp. 37-8) does not think that Candidus wrote it. M y arguments against the attribution of this letter to Candidus are the following: (1) the author names himself, or refers to himself, as 'Blancidius'; this name is different though it might have the same meaning, as Wizo's otherwise invariable nickname, ' C a n didus' ; (2) if the letter is directed to Bishop Arno of Salzburg, then the tone of the letter is completely incompatible with authorship b y Candidus, his subordinate; and so is the author's description of himself as 'senex' (p.

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