By Alexander Krings
Climbers, reminiscent of lianas and vines, are vital materials of tropical forests and maybe the only most crucial physiognomic attribute differentiating tropical from temperate forests, taking place on approximately 50% of wooded area timber in principal and South the US. regardless of their frequent dietary and medicinal use, lianas stay poorly understood ecologically.
Tendrillate Climbers deals accomplished assurance of the entire tendrillate lianas of Costa Rica and lots of the tendrillate lianas of critical the USA. This certain reference provides
- Excellent keys to households and separate keys to genera and species
- State-of-the-art nomenclature and lists of synonymy whilst different medical names were released or used informally
- Each species illustrated through the author’s hand-drawn line paintings
An necessary addition to our realizing of tropical forests, the booklet deals new info in addition to info introduced jointly from dispersed guides and unpublished lists and experiences. In those occasions of habitat fragmentation and species loss, this knowledge is an important contribution to the organic study that's thriving in important the United States, specially Costa Rica.
Tendrillate Climbers fills an incredible hole within the botanical literature. Its excessive point of scholarship and entire assurance will astonish the tropical botanists, forestry scientists, ecologists, biologists, and horticulturalists who will wish it as a reference for his or her endured paintings in this ignored workforce of plants.
Chapter 1 advent (pages 3–8):
Chapter 2 households (pages 9–10):
Chapter three Bignoniaceae (pages 11–36):
Chapter four Cucurbitaceae (pages 37–74):
Chapter five Fabaceae (pages 75–78):
Chapter 6 Loganiaceae (pages 79–86):
Chapter 7 Passifloraceae (pages 87–118):
Chapter eight Polemoniaceae (pages 119–122):
Chapter nine Polygonaceae (pages 123–124):
Chapter 10 Rhamnaceae (pages 125–128):
Chapter eleven Sapindaceae (pages 129–150):
Chapter 12 Smilacaceae (pages 151–160):
Chapter thirteen Vitaceae (pages 161–168):
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Extra info for Guide to Tendrillate Climbers of Costa Rican Mountains
43. 10. Fruit peponiform, ﬂeshy... Cionosicys, p. 48. 7. Leaves lacking patelliform glands below on leaf surface near base 11. Staminate inﬂorescence a solitary ﬂower 12. Corolla yellow; anthers conduplicate or ﬂexuous... Momordica, p. 61. 12. Corolla white; anthers straight or merely slightly curved at ends... Polyclathra, p. 62 11. Staminate inﬂorescence with several ﬂowers 13. Corolla orange to red 14. Calyx orange or reddish, lobes frequently at least 4 mm long (sometimes 2–3 times as long as the calyx tube)...
94. , Ann. Sci. , Bot. 5, 6: 19. , Diagn. Cucurb. 2: 92. 1877. Description. Vine; stems villous. Leaves simple, 3–5-lobate (infrequently 7-lobate), to 15 cm long and 10 cm wide, glabrate to sparsely pilose above, sparsely pilose below; tip acuminate to acute or obtuse; base cordate. Tendrils 2–3-ﬁd, curling only above the bifurcation. Staminate ﬂowers in racemes; sepals to 3 mm long; corolla white; petals ovate to somewhat triangular, more or less glandular internally; stamens 5; ﬁlaments connate; anthers partially or completely connate.
Fruit a capsule, to 15 cm long, about 5+ cm wide, oblong, minutely tuberculate. 6 cm long and 5+ cm wide. Phenology. Flowers from February through May and in August. Fruits in March and from August through December. Distribution. Mexico to Argentina. In Costa Rica found from 50 to 1,100 m. 12. GENUS PARAGONIA The only Paragonia of the continental Neotropics, P. pyramidata, is recognized by biﬁd or triﬁd tendrils, stems with four phloem arms in cross-section, and glandular ﬁelds on the top sides of the tip of the petiole.