Handbook of the Psychology of Science

Few assets can be found to educators within the rising self-discipline of the psychology of technological know-how. This guide fills this void through supplying an empirically dependent compendium of present wisdom approximately this newly proven self-discipline.

Written by means of pioneers within the learn of the cognitive and social methods keen on medical and cutting edge behaviors, it follows at the heels of the 1st prepared society (The foreign Society for the Psychology of technology and know-how) in 2006, and the 1st peer-reviewed magazine ("Journal of the Psychology of technological know-how and Technology") introduced in 2008.

Handbook of the Psychology of Science will ultimately offer educators of the psychology of technological know-how and the cognitive technology of technological know-how with a cutting-edge, all-inclusive textual content with which to disseminate present wisdom approximately this transforming into self-discipline.

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The chapter includes a good discussion of the measures and methods used to assess creativity in research and development (R&D) teams. The authors also provide suggestions for future research. Moyer discusses the psychology of human research participation, beginning with Rosenthal’s groundbreaking work on experimenter bias. indd 14 12/4/2012 5:02:03 PM CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION: ANOTHER BRICK IN THE WALL 15 influence the results of studies. Moyer devotes her chapter to ways of correcting for this bias, including: ■ ■ ■ Study how undergraduates, the usual participants in many psychological experiments, understand their research experience Expand the subject pool, which encounters resistance from the public and from patients.

Methodological and theoretical orientation and the long-term disciplinary impact of 54 eminent psychologists. Review of General Psychology, 4, 13–21. Simonton, D. K. (2004). Creativity in science. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Simonton, D. K. (2008). Scientific talent, training, and performance: Intellect, personality, and genetic endowment. Review of General Psychology, 12(1), 28–46. 28 Simonton, D. K. (2009). Applying the psychology of science to the science of psychology: Can psychologists use psychological science to enhance psychology as a science?

Indd 23 12/4/2012 2:28:34 PM 24 SECTION I. INTRODUCTION AND HISTORY 1950s and peaked in the 1970s (Baars, 1986). However, this work, typically indebted to the experimental paradigms developed at University College London by Peter Wason and Philip Johnson-Laird in the 1960s, shifted the focus of inquiry from the introspective reports of scientists to the verbal behavior of nonscientists confronted with scientifically structured tasks (Wason & Johnson-Laird, 1972). The first work to self-consciously identify itself in terms of this lineage was Tweney, Doherty, and Mynatt’s (1981), which showcased research from Bowling Green State University.

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