Health Impacts of Waste Management Policies: Proceedings of by P. Nicolopoulou-Stamati, C. V. Howard, M. Parkes, L. Hens

By P. Nicolopoulou-Stamati, C. V. Howard, M. Parkes, L. Hens (auth.), P. Nicolopoulou-Stamati, L. Hens, C. V. Howard (eds.)

This bankruptcy introduces key subject matters from the ebook, reflecting the subjects of the 'Awareness of the healthiness affects of Waste administration rules' Seminar, in Kos, Greece. November, 1998. The waste administration and health and wellbeing scene is brought by way of an overview of concems when it comes to continual natural pollution, in addition to via views from much less constructed international locations and from undefined. an summary of coverage strains for waste administration comprises an evaluation of contemporary proposals by way of the ecu fee, in addition to chosen examples from eu international locations and the us. Descriptions of advancements in study, instruments and conceptual methods for waste administration and overall healthiness matters are supplied. examine into overall healthiness results of dioxins and PCBs is printed, as are reports of technological techniques for waste administration, proposed advancements in well-being effect review, environmental taxes as a waste administration device, and built-in nearby waste administration ways. a chain of case reviews offer genuine­ global examples of study and coverage improvement together with a evaluate of the consequences of waste administration on flora and fauna and household animals. In end, very important crossover subject matters and demanding situations are defined. Topical matters comprise transformations among technological means and real functionality, burden of evidence and the precautionary precept, probability as opposed to probability review, and societal dimensions of information and attitudes. Time-lag, intergenerational results and the creation of the chemical hygiene proposal are highlighted as vital issues, in addition to the overall desire for prioritisation of the kid and baby in all regulatory procedures.

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Additional info for Health Impacts of Waste Management Policies: Proceedings of the Seminar ‘Health Impacts of Waste Management Policies’, Hippocrates Foundation, Kos, Greece, 12–14 November 1998

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The paper further provides a presentation of an epidemiological study of the increased incidence of cleft palate associated with a poorly regulated open incinerator occurrin g during the 1960s. The study involves a comparison of an exposed and less-exposed site in Amsterdam. This presentation makes an overt focus on awareness of health impact of the waste management practice of incineration. Retrospective epidemiological techniques are used relating exposure and effects to determine the strength of the relationship between exposure to incinerator emissions and the health effects of orofacial clefts (cleft lip +/cleft palate) .

The final message of Janna Koppe's presentation addresses the problem that 10 per cent of women in the Netherlands have been found to have a TEQ body burden that is greater than the level (19 ng TEQ) that is known to cause abnormalities in non-human primates. With the knowledge that breast feeding has many important health advantages for the infant, should Dutch woman still breastfeed? The suggestion from Dr Koppe is that breast feeding women should maintain their body fat and avoid losing weight in order to limit the circulating levels of dioxins.

An additional hazard is that if organohal ide products become involved in combustion processes, as for example each time a building or landfill site catches fire , a new set of highly toxic compounds is formed. Of these, the dioxins have been the most widely studied and their toxicity to humans is discussed in the next section. The widespread use of the mass incineration of municipal household waste and clinical waste in the USA and many European countries has been attributed to have caused between 50 per cent and 80 per cent of the total dioxin contamination of land.

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