Hinterland Households: Rural Agrarian Household Diversity in by John G Douglass

By John G Douglass

The agricultural region of agrarian societies has traditionally been seen as composed of undifferentiated families basically drawn to self-sufficiency. in additional contemporary instances, families were noticeable as extra diversified than formerly notion, either internally (within a unmarried, cooperative unit) and relatively, yet they're nonetheless poorly understood.In "Hinterland Households", John G Douglass lays out a brand new knowing of rural families through investigating the foundation of variety and differentiation in addition to the resources for diversifications in loved ones wealth, construction, and dimension in pre-Colonial principal the United States. throughout the research of past due vintage (600-950AD) family websites situated within the Naco Valley of northwest Honduras, Douglass assessments 4 competing types of family wealth and construction. He evaluates the foundation and relative significance of rural loved ones range because it pertains to social complexity, rural/urban interactions among the centre and outer edge of overdue vintage tradition, and entry to usual assets.

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This may suggest that Class III soil is occupied by younger households. 8, confidence levels of 10 percent trimmed mean rural household size on each soil class, indicates that households on Classes I and II appear to be more similar to one another than to those on Class III. 7. However, the very large error ranges for 10 percent trimmed mean rural household size in Class II soils makes it difficult to have much confidence in comparisons between Class II and either Class I or III. 556). Combining together the different analyses, one cannot be very confident that there are any real differences in trimmed mean rural household size between different soil classes.

Two processes are involved in the developmental cycle. First, as families grow in size and children of the founding parents form their own families, many times the household will segment. During this phase, the new generation internally subdivides and creates a new domicile adjacent to one set of parents. This process is sometimes referred to as “cleavage” (Goody 1958:58). Among the modern Kekchi Maya of southern Belize, segmentation may occur within a year or two of marriage, once the first child is born (see Collier 1975; Wilk 1991).

However, ethnographic work and colonial documents from the Maya lowlands suggest that the extended family was the basic unit of lowland Maya society (Farriss 1984:132; see Wilk 1988). Extended-family units consist of several generations of people, related by biological or fictive kin ties, that live and function as a cooperative and reciprocal economic unit. The fundamental activities of extended families are economic in nature (Sahlins 1957): they are basic units of production and consumption (Goody 1972).

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