By Rosalind Carey
Educational thinker, truth seeker, public highbrow, educator, political activist, and freethinker, Bertrand Russell was once and is still a colossus. No different unmarried thinker within the final 2 hundred years could be acknowledged to have created a lot and stimulated such a lot of. His Principia Mathematica, written with A. N. Whitehead, ranks as one of many maximum books on common sense considering that Aristotle. His philosophical paintings on language, which means, good judgment, brain, and metaphysics shaped the root of 20th-century philosophy. Russell used to be lively in different political activities of liberation and peace, and his renowned writings, together with the best-selling History of Western Philosophy, received the Nobel prize in literature in 1950.
Historical Dictionary of Bertrand Russell's Philosophy deals a finished, present advisor to the various elements of Russell's paintings. via its chronology, introductory essay, bibliography, and hundreds of thousands of cross-referenced dictionary entries on techniques, humans, works, and technical phrases, Russell's influence on philosophy and similar fields is made available to the reader during this must-have reference.
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Additional info for Historical Dictionary of Bertrand Russell's Philosophy (Historical Dictionaries of Religions, Philosophies and Movements)
In 1918, Russell adopts neutral monism, abandoning the relational and dualist conception underlying his doctrine of acquaintance. In light of these changes, he adopts a causal theory of meaning. See also ATTENTION; KNOWLEDGE OF OBJECTS v KNOWLEDGE OF TRUTHS. ADMINISTRATOR’S FALLACY. Russell first introduced his concept of the administrator’s fallacy in The Prospects of Industrial Civilization (1923); he elaborated on it in Authority and the Individual (1949). This fallacy, he says, occurs by viewing society as a systematic whole and finding it good if it is pleasant to observe from afar—as a well-ordered and well-organized whole—without considering whether that society brings a good life to the individuals who make it up.
But in philosophical as opposed to chemical analyses, the process of decomposing a complex is entirely intellectual, a matter of seeing with the mind’s eye the simples involved in some complex concept. To have reached the end of such an intellectual analysis is to have reached the simple entities that cannot be further analyzed but must be immediately perceived. 8 • ANALYTIC v SYNTHETIC PROPOSITIONS Reaching the end of an analysis—that is, arriving at the mental perception of a simple entity, a concept—then provides the means for definition, in the philosophical sense, since the meaning of the term being analyzed is defined in terms of the simple entities grasped at the end of the process of analysis.
A bestseller when it came out in 1945 in the United States and in 1946 in Great Britain, the book was based on the lectures Russell had given at the Barnes Foundation. In 1944, Russell was awarded a lectureship at Trinity College, Cambridge. Prior to his return, he lived in Princeton, New Jersey. There, his conversations with Einstein laid the groundwork for their later efforts to stem the proliferation of nuclear weapons. In the 1940s, Russell published numerous essays on science, religion, politics, history, logic, and linguistic philosophy, and he began to respond to invitations to reflect on his life, for he was now in his 70s.