By M. R. Bennett
History of Cognitive Neuroscience files the most important neuroscientific experiments and theories over the past century and a part within the area of cognitive neuroscience, and evaluates the cogency of the conclusions which were drawn from them.
- Provides a spouse paintings to the hugely acclaimed Philosophical Foundations of Neuroscience - combining clinical element with philosophical insights
- Views the evolution of mind technology in the course of the lens of its primary figures and experiments
- Addresses philosophical feedback of Bennett and Hacker's earlier book
- Accompanied via greater than a hundred illustrations
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Extra info for History of Cognitive Neuroscience
13 Diagram showing connections between amygdala, orbitofrontal cortex and projections to these in primates Fig. 14 Diagram showing principal reciprocal projections from the primate center to the amygdala Fig. 15 Diagram showing principal projections from the primate cortex to the orbitofrontal cortex Fig. 16 Diagram showing principal connections of the anterior and middle cortical areas Fig. 1 Fifteenth-century illustration relating ‘faculties of the mind’ to the four ventricles Fig. 2 Portraits of fifteenth- to seventeenth-century contributors to understanding brain function: Leonardo da Vinci, Vesalius, Descartes, and Willis Fig.
13 shows a beautiful anatomical representation of these ocular dominance columns. In order to display such columns, the right eye of a monkey was injected with radio-labelled proline and fucose, which is transported transneuronally to the cortex. Fig. 13a shows a dark field autoradiograph of a tangential section of area V1 of the right hemisphere obtained after 10 days’ exposure. Radioactivity can be seen in the form of white stripes, which correspond to thalamic axon terminals in layer 4 of the cortex that relay input from the injected eye.
As Gazzaniga describes the experiments, the right hand selects a rooster to match the claw seen when the left hemisphere is involved, but the patient states that the shovel selected by the left hand was needed to clean out the chicken house. According to Gazzaniga and Le Doux (1978), ‘the left hemisphere Interpreter has no knowledge of the snow scene seen by the right hemisphere’ in this test. These and other experiments led Gazzaniga (1997, p. 1392) to suggest that ‘mind left dealt with the world differently than mind right seemed to be the major conclusion of studies during the era’.