History of Science, History of Text by Vera Dorofeeva-Lichtmann (auth.), Karine Chemla (eds.)

By Vera Dorofeeva-Lichtmann (auth.), Karine Chemla (eds.)

This booklet explores the speculation that the categories of inscription or textual content utilized by a given group of practitioners are designed within the exact same method because the one generating thoughts and effects. The publication units out to teach how, in precisely an identical means as for the opposite results of medical job, every kind of things, cognitive in addition to cultural, technological, social or institutional, conjoin in shaping some of the kinds of writings and texts utilized by the practitioners of the sciences. To make this aspect, the ebook opts for a really multicultural method of the texts produced within the context of practices of data. it truly is predicated at the conviction that, that allows you to method any subject within the historical past of technology from a theoretical viewpoint, it can be fruitful to contemplate it from an international standpoint. The e-book for that reason doesn't basically assemble papers facing geometrical papyri of antiquity, 16th century French books in algebra, 17th century medical manuscripts and work, eighteenth and 19th century memoirs released through eu academies or medical journals, and Western Opera Omnia. It additionally considers the issues of interpretation in terms of analyzing Babylonian clay pills, Sanskrit oral scriptures and chinese language books and illustrations. hence it permits the reader to discover the variety of types which texts have taken in heritage and the big variety of makes use of they've got encouraged.

This quantity might be of curiosity to historians, philosophers of technology, linguists and anthropologists

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These four pictures are placed at the corners of the cardinally-oriented frame as “separators” between the seasons and markers 18 Vera Dorofeeva-Lichtmann Figure 5. Manuscript B of the Lao zi from Mawangdui (Reproduced from (Mawangdui boshu 1980, coloured plate 2)). 45 The set of pictures delineates a tempo-spatial scheme —correlated structuring of time and space. The main text placed in the center of the manuscript also deals with calendrical matters —the longer section concerns the year, the shorter the four seasons— considered in an astrological and cosmological context.

For example, a divinatory inscription was laid out on a plastron in such a way that the head section of the plastron was up. This means that a plastron was arrayed in front of the “reader”, or, I would rather say, “user” of its inscription in a similar way to the cardinally-oriented turtle from Yinwan, namely, head up. This way of placing the turtle by the Shang may be grasped even better from a picture found on a Shang pan-water basin (cf. figure 3). The turtle is flanked by columns of two identical characters (pictograms) engraved as mirror images with respect to the central lengthwise axis of a turtle, that is, similarly to the placement of pair charges on a plastron.

Divination board or cosmograph (shi) (Reproduced form (Field 1992, 96)). 22 Vera Dorofeeva-Lichtmann traditions where the majority of texts are meant for reading rarely raise these questions when dealing with ancient texts. They assume without much reflection that ancient texts are no different from contemporary texts in this respect. The major difficulty here is that there is no way one can actually see what the original readers of texts, I would rather say “users”, actually did with them. We can only look for traces of their usage.

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