Ikhwan al-Safa': a Brotherhood of Idealists on the Fringe of by Godefroid de Callatay

By Godefroid de Callatay

An illuminating examine of the mysterious Brethren of Purity', the tenth century letter writers whose epistles, even if usually deemed heretical, exerted a profound impact at the improvement of Shi'i Islam.

Show description

Read Online or Download Ikhwan al-Safa': a Brotherhood of Idealists on the Fringe of Orthodox Islam PDF

Best islam books

What I Believe

Tariq Ramadan is especially a lot a public determine, named one among Time magazine's most crucial innovators of the twenty-first century. he's one of the prime Islamic thinkers within the West, with a wide following worldwide. yet he has additionally been a lightning rod for controversy. certainly, in 2004, Ramadan used to be avoided from getting into the U.

The A to Z of Sufism (The a to Z Guide)

With greater than 3,000 entries and cross-references at the heritage, major figures, associations, idea, and literary works linked to Islam's mystical culture, Sufism, this dictionary brings jointly in a single quantity, broad old info that is helping positioned modern occasions right into a ancient context.

The Origins and Early Development of Shi'a Islam (The Millennium (Series).)

This booklet reconstructs the improvement of an Islamic perfect within the kind of Shi'ism It strains the Shi'a reaction to this perfect, from its origins between a bunch of the Prophet's partners until eventually the Imamate of Ja'far as-Sadiq, wherein time the entire basic parts of Shi'ism had seemed.

Essays in Islamic Philology, History, and Philosophy

The articles during this quantity are devoted to Professor Ahmad Mahdavi Damghani for the breadth and intensity of his pursuits and his effect on these pursuits. They attest to the truth that his fervor and carefully surgical consciousness to aspect have discovered fertile flooring in a large choice of disciplines, together with (among others) Persian literature and philology; Islamic historical past and historiography; Arabic literature and philology; and Islamic philosophy and jurisprudence.

Extra info for Ikhwan al-Safa': a Brotherhood of Idealists on the Fringe of Orthodox Islam

Example text

These are the questions that preoccupy the Brethren from the beginning to the end of the corpus. Their answers will be discussed here. THE FORMATION OF THE UNIVERSE At the core of the Brethren’s synthesis lies the theory of emanation. indd 17 10/11/2005 12:00:29 18 IKHWAN AL-SAFA’ Unity or, more simply still, the One. Plotinus (d. 270), the founder of Neoplatonism, postulated a series of three successive principles, named hypostases, before and above matter. The first was the One, the source of all beings, that is, what a Christian, a Jew, or a Muslim would call God or the transcendent Creator, but not actually conceived as a personal being.

The World Soul communicates its influence to the entire revolution, first to the fixed stars, then to the planets and to the four elements of the world of coming-to-be and passingaway, then finally to all the creatures composed from those elements – in other words, the mineral, vegetal, and animal kingdoms with man at the top. The influence on such individuals will be favorable if, at the moment chosen for computation, the celestial configuration proves to lie on noble and harmonious relations.

The Brethren account for this superiority by stating that mankind was also the last to appear in the world of coming-to-be and passing-away. Some modern writers have been tempted to see in this view some kind of pre-Darwinian theory of evolution, but this proposal makes no sense at all, as was rightly pointed out by Nasr, for it completely overlooks the teleological perspective of the Brethren’s whole scheme. It was God’s will to create the world, the Ikhwan write, and it is fitting that His perfection and wisdom be reflected in His creation.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.27 of 5 – based on 10 votes