Image Analysis and Processing II by J. Serra (auth.), V. Cantoni, V. Di Gesù, S. Levialdi (eds.)

By J. Serra (auth.), V. Cantoni, V. Di Gesù, S. Levialdi (eds.)

This booklet comprises the complaints of the 4th foreign convention on information research and Processing held in Cefalu' (Palermo, ITALY) on September 23-25 1987. the purpose of this convention, now at its fourth version, used to be to offer a basic view of the particular examine within the sector of tools and platforms for reaching synthetic imaginative and prescient in addition to to have an up-dated details of the present task in Europe. a few invited audio system provided overviews of statistical type difficulties and techniques, non traditional archi­ tectures, mathematical morphology, robot imaginative and prescient, research of diversity photos in imaginative and prescient platforms, trend matching algorithms and astronomical facts processing. eventually a survey of the dialogue at the contribution of AI to photograph research is given. The papers awarded on the convention were subdivided in 4 sections: wisdom established techniques, simple development acceptance instruments, multi gains procedure established ideas, picture analysis-applications. We needs to thank the IBM-Italia and the electronic gear Corpo­ ration for sponsoring this convention. We think that the times spent at Cefalu' have been a tremendous step towards the mutual alternate of clinical details in the photograph processing neighborhood. v. Cantoni Pavia collage V. Di Gesu' Palermo collage S. Levialdi Rome college v CONTENTS INVITED LECTURES . • • • • . • • • three Morphological Optics.

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In the first, the interconnection structure of the conventional two-dimensional mesh is extended into D dimensions, where the number of PEs is Nand N = 2D. Each PE is 24 o o~----o 1-0 0-0 D 2-D 4-0 3-~ Fig. 3. Hypercube connections. connected to D PEs. The connections are between nearest neighbours in the multidimensional space (see Fig. 3). It is easy to visualize the connection pattern by regarding each progression into a higher dimension as being a replication of the set of PEs in the lower dimension.

The philosophy behind the CLIP7A research programme has been to treat the linear array as an SIMD system but to allow the PEs a small degree of local autonomy. In particular, each PE incorporates an activity bit (allowing it to not respond to a broadcast instruction), a local address calculator (so that data can be fetched from different locations in each PEl, and a register which determines the connections between each PE and its own local neighbourhood. Thus data calculated in an earlier part of the program modifies how each PE responds to later instructions.

How much a priori (externally given) information should be given? How should the knowledge be used? At what levels in the processing should knowledge be applied? Are there "physical laws". for example, resembling those of classical or statistical mechanics. which could be applied? Etc. The present study suggests some answers to these questions. By definition. the scene could contain a very large number of objects of any size. shape, orientation. , where any combinatorial approach will "explode".

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