By Frederic Volpi
Through the past due twentieth century, many authoritarian Islamic states underwent a dramatic transition to democracy. This publication examines the method of democratic reform in Islamic international locations, the issues it throws up and the cultural principles and practices that be successful. Concentrating specifically on Algeria, and in keeping with on-the-ground examine, Volpi bargains an perception into the political background of the Algerian clash and increases critical questions on the connection among Islam and democracy on a global point. Addressing the matter of the radicalization of political Islam within the quarter, he indicates attainable recommendations to the protection and international coverage dilemmas associated with foreign terrorism. A sour conflict has been fought among the civil kingdom and Islamic fundamentalists in Algeria because the Nineteen Eighties. Its a paradigmatic "clash of civilizations" for a few, while for others it is a distorted and native problem during which "democratization" used to be brought in a deeply authoritarian context. having a look specifically on the position of oil assets, which provide Algeria nice overseas geo-strategic and fiscal value, Volpi explores Algeria's political transition - a narrative which keeps to have colossal political importance for different non-democratic Muslim nations.
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Additional resources for Islam and Democracy: The Failure of Dialogue in Algeria
For their part the trade unions were firmly under governmental control and the leftist nucleus of opposition to the regime, like the democratic voices, were mostly confined to small circles of intellectuals and to some student groups. 1 Islamic associations were generally not made up of advocates of political action, especially against the state, but operated locally and 37 Volpi 01 chaps 38 19/11/03 9:52 Page 38 Islam and Democracy aimed at changing Islamic practices through community work. These associations expected that changes in the political system would naturally follow from the changes they helped to carry out in the social sphere.
Unavoidably, the peculiar brand of anarchism implicitly advocated by Qutb placed subsequent generations of Islamic fundamentalist thinkers in a difficult position. 55 Volpi 01 chaps 3 19/11/03 9:52 Page 37 The Algerian Political Transition: Democratic Symbols and Authoritarian Practices (1988–91) Whatever hopes the Algerian population might have placed in the FLN and its home-grown Arab Socialist developmental model, two decades after the end of the war of independence, their faith in the ruling elite had seriously diminished.
8 In the afternoon a long overdue police intervention caused more casualties among the rioters as the crowd was dispersed. However, far from discouraging the protesters, this repression and the non-recognition of their protest (which had received no coverage from the state-controlled television and radio) further exacerbated the anger of this youthful crowd and its determination to shake the regime. As night fell, rioting resumed in several of Algiers’ poorer suburbs, and the local offices of the FLN and of the Local Councils were attacked and looted.