By Alain Lavenu (auth.), C. Dejoux, A. Iltis (eds.)
Lake Titicaca, as a result of its quarter and quantity and its scenario at excessive angle in the tropics, is a different hydrological website on the earth. it may be famous that it stands on the transition aspect among very unique realms: the barren region edge of the Pacific coast to the west and the nice Amazonian wooded area extending to the Atlantic coast to the east.
Many scientists were drawn to the lake some time past due to its strange limnological positive aspects. during this booklet the editors have compiled an exhaustive evaluation of present wisdom from the present literature and from the result of newer observations.
it really is sure that this ebook becomes the fundamental reference paintings for scientists eager to make development in revealing the lake's secrets and techniques. it may be acknowledged unequivocally that this paintings constitutes an entire assessment of the current kingdom of information on Lake Titicaca and that it presents the most recent result of learn in this habitat.
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Additional info for Lake Titicaca: A Synthesis of Limnological Knowledge
Total C was measured coulometrically (Huffman, 1977), with a Coulometrics Inc. model5011 coulometer and a System 120 prep line set at 950°C. Selected levels were analyzed for inorganic carbon with the coulometer and a System 140 prep line using 2N HC104 • Ash samples were digested in 1N HCl for total P (Andersen, 1976), total S and cation analyses. Total P was determined on a Coleman Model 14 spectrophotometer after blue color development with ascorbic acid-ammonium molybdate reagent (Anon, 1975).
Lukurmata: investigaciones arqueol6gicas en un asentamiento urbano de Ia cultura Tiwanaku. Ensayo de historiaci6n del avance cientffico (1895-1988). , Vol. 1. Instituto Nacional de Arqueologfa y Producciones Pumapunku, La Paz, Bolivia: 11-85. ), 1975. Ecosystem succession and nutrient retention: a hypothesis. Bioscience, 25: 376-381. ), 1983. ). B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, 767 p. ), 1988. Holocene sedimentology and ostracodes repartition in Lake Titicaca. Paleohydrological interpretations.
The area of the lake can be estimated at a minimum of about 52,000 km 2 . Servant and Fontes (1978) gave it an area of 43,000 km 2 in the south of the Altiplano. In the north the Tauca water body must have covered about 9000 km2 . These water bodies progressively reduced in size, so that all that remains is Lake Titicaca (8560 km 2 ) at 3810 metres altitude in the north of the Altiplano, Lake Poopo (3686 m) in the centre and the salares (3650 m) in the south. Over the same period the glaciers have also decreased in volume and area.