Main Philosophical Writings and the Novel Allwill by Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi

By Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi

Jacobi had a big effect on philosophical idea within the later a part of the 18th century, particularly the best way Kant used to be acquired and the early improvement of post-Kantian idealism. His polemical tract "Concerning the Doctrine of Spinoza in Letters to Herr Moses Mendelssohn" propelled him to notoriety in 1785. This paintings, in addition to "David Hume on religion, or Idealism and Realism, Jacobi to Fichte", and the unconventional "Allwill", are integrated in George di Giovanni's translation. In an introductory essay, di Giovanni situates Jacobi within the ancient and philosophical context of his time. warding off a usual, simplistic portrayal of Jacobi as a fideist or proto-existentialist, he exhibits how Jacobi's existence and paintings mirror the tensions inherent within the overdue Enlightenment. This booklet can be of curiosity to scholars of German Idealism and to these attracted to the Enlightenment and early Romanticism.

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Can be said with greater justification against reason assumed as perfect; for reason would then annihilate the individual to a greater degree than would Christian religion in its perfection. Conclusion: as system the Social Contract is a superficially profound work yet profoundly superficial, and this makes it a very bad work" (pp. 79—71). 82. Reinhold was to marry one of his daughters. 83. " [It] must be something like the Mercure deFrance. , #253, p. 159. 84. For La Roche's salon, see Heinz Nicolai, Goethe und Jacobi, Studien zur Geschichte ihrer Freundschaft (Stuttgart: Metzler, 1965), pp.

But despotism suffers from practical weaknesses as well, as Jacobi 34. 1, #203, pp. 119-20. 35. See letter toj. 3, #775, p. 28. Jacobi calls the princes "popes" because they exhibited all the despotics traits of which the Aujklarer accused the popes. Introduction 17 points out. History shows that no single ruler can ever be clever enough to take into consideration all the contingencies that affect the workings of a state-machine. Sooner or later the passions of its members will overflow the margins set by formal reason, and the state will be flooded from within.

In a recent book, which unfortunately came too late for me to profit from, Asher Horowitz argues that this apparent opposition can be resolved if Rousseau is seen as departing from the Enlightenment idea of nature and implicitly developing instead a historical view of human nature and society. Rousseau: Nature and History (Toronto: University Press, 1992). 77 Jacobi personally testified to the influence that the British moralists had over him. "79 The reading of Ferguson had led Woldemar (who in this instance clearly stands for Jacobi) to the rereading of the classics.

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