By Armando Carlos de Pina Filho and Aloisio Carlos de Pina
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Extra info for Methods and Techniques in Urban Engineering
O Caso de Favelas em Áreas de Proteção Ambiental. Sc. Thesis, Escola Politécnica da Universidade de São Paulo, Dep. de Engenharia de Construção Civil, 226 p. Bassul, J. R. (2005). Estatuto da Cidade: Quem Ganhou? Quem Perdeu? Senado Federal, Subsecretaria de Edições Técnicas, Brasília COBRAPE (2001). Programa de Saneamento Ambiental da Bacia do Guarapiranga. Companhia Brasileira de Projetos e Empreendimentos, São Paulo Conde, L. P. & Magalhães, S. (2004). Favela-Bairro: Uma Outra História da Cidade do Rio de Janeiro: 1993/2000.
PARQUE AMÉLIA SANTA MARGARIDA (Fig. 2): situated in the Guavirutuba basin, at the left margin of the Bacia do Guarapiranga. The community occupies a municipal public area that has slopes between 20% and 30%. The intervention began in January 1998 and concluded in August 1999. NÚCLEO HABITACIONAL PARQUE CAPUAVA (Fig. 3): situated in the extreme northeast of the Municipality of Santo André, in the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo. The area has 30% slopes and the construction was not concluded as of 2005.
Comparing the three case studies from São Paulo, it can be seen that the technical constraints of the different communities predominantly influenced their costs. Parque Capuava, from Santo André, had the lowest cost per family, probably because it was developed over a long time, trying to minimise the overall impact on families and to adapt it to the urban structure already in place and to the type of work developed by each household. Another issue that seems to have contributed to its success was the emphasis on monitoring and social development, in addition to the direct participation of many sectors of the municipal government.