By Hilary Marland, Anne Marie Rafferty
Midwives, Society and Childbirth is the 1st e-book to envision midwives' lives and paintings within the 19th and 20th centuries on a countrywide and overseas scale. concentrating on six international locations from Europe, the strategy is interdisciplinary with the stories written via a various group of social, clinical and midwifery historians, sociologists, and people with event in offering childbirth prone. wondering for the 1st time many traditional historic assumptions, this publication is prime to a greater knowing of the impression on midwives of the remarkable growth of technological know-how in most cases and obstetric technological know-how particularly from the overdue 19th century. The members problem the conventional bleak photograph of midwives' decline within the face of institutional obstetrics, clinical expertise, and the turning out to be energy of the scientific career, whereas stressing the significance of local affects and locality. Dr Anne Marie Rafferty, Philadelphia, Dr Hilary Marland, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, Dr Irvine Louden, Oxfordshire, Joan Mottram, Wellcome Unit for the background of Medic
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Additional resources for Midwives, Society and Childbirth: Debates and Controversies in the Modern Period (Studies in the Social History of Medicine)
A small group of women from a handful of countries embarked on setting up a permanent organization which had the authority to speak for the whole profession, despite the considerable differences in training, legal status and practice of the I M U’s member associations. Only such an international mechanism had the capacity, they believed, to combat the challenges, raise the standards and the standing of the profession and breathe new life into midwifery. This chapter will limit itself to a necessarily brief discussion of these five main challenges of the inter-war years as they constituted the stimulus for midwives to organize themselves for the first time, through the I M U, in a systematic manner across national 16 EUROPEAN MIDWIFERY I N TH E INTER-WAR YEARS boundaries, followed by an examination of the strategies adopted by the IMU to address the challenges.
First, countries in which the midwife was relatively well 26 EUROPEAN MIDWIFERY I N TH E INTER-WAR YEARS protected since she was a government servant; second, countries with new organizations, ‘where something, ad-mittedly imperfect as yet, has been done by the Government’, and, third, countries in which the government granted no allowances whatsoever to the profession. The report is incomplete and sometimes even contradictory in its listings, but its interest lies in the range of mechanisms which had been either put in place or suggested to resolve what the IMU describes as the ‘tragic circumstances of midwives’.
39, pp. 317–37, and the chapters by Romlid, Ortiz, Løkke and Loudon in this volume. Comm. 6–10, 1932–39, passim. Ibid. Roberts, A Woman’s Place: An Oral History of Working-Class Women 1890– 1940, Oxford, Basil Blackwell, 1984, p. Thébaud, Quand Nos GrandMères Donnaient la Vie: la Maternité en France dans l’Entre-Deux-Guerres, Lyons, Presses Universitaires de Lyon, 1986, pp. 11–23; Comm. 9, 1937, pp. 28–31, 34 EUROPEAN MIDWIFERY I N TH E INTER-WAR YEARS 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 speech of Dr Frick, Minister of the Interior, to the Berlin Congress, followed by national reports on falling birth-rate.