By M. Imran Kozgar
Study on prompted mutagenesis of pulses together with chickpea is much less universal in comparison to the only on cereals and henceforth the current paintings is pioneering within the box. The chickpea is likely one of the greatest grown pulse vegetation in India. the writer hopes that his ebook may help to strengthen reviews on pulses, and within the long term, to minimize nutrition lack of confidence and malnutrition persisting in numerous constructing nations
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Extra resources for Mutation breeding in chickpea : perspectives and prospects for food security
3% EMS were late in maturity. 4% EMS 3. Maculata Seedlings showed yellow or whitish dots on leaves; These mutants survived till maturity and produced few seeds. 4. Tigrina Leaves yellow with green patches typical of the colour of the skin of Indian frog; survived for 15 days. 5. Viridis Reduced plant height and viridine green colour of leaves; leaflets size reduced; plants were slow growing and had a low seed yield. 6. Xantha Leaves were bright yellow in colour; seedlings survived for 10-20 days.
1 and Fig. 1. 1: Characteristic features of chlorophyll mutants and percentage mutated plant progenies induced by gamma rays, EMS and their combinations in two varieties of chickpea in M2 generation. Isolated mutant types and their characteristics Treatment 1. Albina Lethal mutation characterized by entirely white leaves Control of seedlings; seedlings survived for 10-12 days after 100 Gy γ rays germination. 200 Gy γ rays 300 Gy γ rays 2. 1% EMS within 20 days. 3% EMS were late in maturity. 4% EMS 3.
EMS induced more sterility than the gamma rays. Variety BG-1053 showed the greater reduction in pollen fertility as compared with the variety Pusa-256. 24 Induced Mutagenesis: Biophysiological Damages and Cytological Abberrations Fig. 8: Effects of mutagenic treatments on seed germination (%), germination inhibition (%), pollen fertility (%) and pollen fertility reduction (%) in chickpea variety BG-1053 (A) and variety Pusa256 (B) in M2 generation. 6 Plant Survival Data on plant survival recorded at maturity in M1 generation are presented in Fig.