By Azar Gat, Alexander Yakobson
What are the origins of nationalism and why is it in a position to arousing such excessive feelings? during this significant examine, Azar Gat counters the existing stylish theories in response to which international locations and nationalism are glossy and contrived or 'invented'. He sweeps throughout background and worldwide to bare that ethnicity has constantly been hugely political and that countries and nationwide states have existed because the starting of statehood millennia in the past. He lines the deep roots of ethnicity and nationalism in human nature, exhibiting how tradition suits into human evolution from as early as our aboriginal and, at the side of kinship, defines ethnicity and ethnic allegiances. From the increase of states and empires to the current day, this e-book sheds new mild at the explosive nature of ethnicity and nationalism, in addition to on their extra freeing and altruistic roles in forging identification and unity.
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Extra resources for Nations: The Long History and Deep Roots of Political Ethnicity and Nationalism
In reality, however, the “false consciousness” that theorists often ascribe to people may apply more to themselves, because people’s notions of their interests and prosperity are simply different than the theorists’ concepts. People care about their individual interests, to be sure, but, as we saw, these extend into, and are intertwined with, their broader kin–culture communities. ” A Frenchman or a German was prepared to kill or be killed for Alsace-Lorraine, whose possession appeared to have no practical bearing on his daily life.
15 We know this from history only too well. Obviously, religion is a complex phenomenon, and many threads of causation probably combined to generate it. The factor pointed out here means that in those tribal groups in which common ritual and cult ceremonies were more intense, social cooperation became more habitual and spiritually legitimized. This was probably translated into an advantage in intergroup competition and conflict. 16 It should be realized that the aboriginal human condition is not an exotic piquantry, tucked in the remote beginnings of time.
What proved adaptive then constitutes our biological inheritance, around which our spectacular and multifarious cultural development over the past few millennia has been built and with which it constantly interacts. Kinship and culture in the past 150,000 years Evidence about the aboriginal human way of life comes from archaeology and even more from the variety of forager societies that survived into or close to our times and have been studied by anthropologists. I have devoted hundreds of pages to them elsewhere,2 and the following is a simplified but fairly adequate abstract of their social structure.