Novel Stimuli as Distraction in Processing Self-Relevant

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For instance, Robert Frost (193111956) found that "in late years" he wanted "to go further and 28 David E. Leary further in making metaphor the whole of thinking" (p. 37), and Walker Percy (1958) has argued that metaphor "is the true maker of language" and that the mind's "favorite project" is a "casting about for analogies and connections" (pp. 96-7). 10 I should reiterate, however, that the broad use of metaphor and its frequent equation with analogy throughout this volume do not mean that any of the volume's other contributors necessarily accept my contention that all language and thought are fundamentally metaphorical.

21 Regarding the evolutionary epistemology on which this comment draws, an epistemology developed on an explicitly Darwinian model, see D. Campbell (1960, 1974), Popper (1979), R. J. Richards (1977), and Toulmin (1972). Also see Simontin (1988) for a psychology of science based on this epistemology and Cohen (1985) for a discussion of the earlier "Darwinian" philosophies of science of Ludwig Boltzmann and Ernst Mach (pp. 534-40). For other impacts of Darwinism on diverse fields of thought, often mediated by the metaphorical extension of Darwinian concepts, see Appleman (1970), Beer (1983), G.

It is possible to think without such analogies in some direct fashion - "face-to-face" with the facts- will not bear criticism. To think is to generalise, to generalise is to compare. To think of one phenomenon or cluster of phenomena is to think in terms of its resemblances and differences with others. This is by now a hoary platitude. It follows that without parallels and analogies between one sphere and another of thought and action, whether conscious or not, the unity of our experience - our experience itself - would not be possible.

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