By Hamid Dabashi
What does it suggest to be human? Humanism has regularly thought of this query from a Western viewpoint. via an in depth exam of an enormous literary culture, Hamid Dabashi asks that question anew, from a non-European viewpoint. The solutions are clean, provocative, and deeply transformative. This groundbreaking learn of Persian humanism offers the unfolding of a convention because the artistic and subversive unconscious of Islamic civilization.
Exploring how 1,400 years of Persian literature have taken up the query of what it potential to be human, Dabashi proposes that the literary unconscious of a civilization can also be the undoing of its repressive measures. this is able to account for the masculinist hostility of the early Arab conquest that accused Persian tradition of effeminate delicacy and sexual misconduct, and later of clinical and philosophical inaccuracy. because the certain female unconscious of a decidedly masculinist civilization, Persian literary humanism speaks from a hidden and defiant vantage point-and this can be what inclines it towards inventive subversion.
coming up neither regardless of nor as a result of Islam, Persian literary humanism used to be the creative manifestation of a worldly urbanism that emerged within the aftermath of the seventh-century Muslim conquest. faraway from the language of scripture and scholasticism, Persian literary humanism occupies a unique universe of ethical duties within which "a really apt lie," because the thirteenth-century poet Sheykh Mosleh al-Din Sa'di writes, "is larger than a seditious truth."